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Livingstonite



Livingstonite
CategoryMineral
Chemical formulaHgSb4S8
Identification
ColorSteel gray, lead gray
Crystal habitColumnar, Fibrous, Radial, Massive
Crystal systemMonoclinic-Prismatic
CleavagePerfect
FractureUneven, flat surfaces
Mohs Scale hardness2
LusterAdamantine to metallic
Refractive index>= 2.72
PleochroismWeak
StreakRed
Specific gravity4.81 - 4.5 g/cm3

Livingstonite is a mercury antimony sulfosalt mineral. It occurs in low-temperature hydrothermal veins associated with cinnabar, stibnite, sulfur and gypsum.

Additional recommended knowledge

It was first described in 1874 for an occurrence in Huitzuco de los Figueroa (Huitzuco), Mun. de Huitzuco, Guerrero, Mexico. It was named to honor Scottish explorer of Africa, David Livingstone.

References

  • Palache, C., H. Berman, and C. Frondel (1944) Dana’s system of mineralogy, (7th edition), v. I, 485–486
  • Webmineral database entry
  • Mindat with location data
  • Mineral Data Publishing, Arizona
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Livingstonite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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