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Molybdenum disilicide (MoSi2, molybdenum silicide, or MOSI2), an intermetallic compound, a silicide of molybdenum, is a refractory ceramic with primary use in heating elements. It has moderate density, melting point 2230 °C, and is electrically conductive. At high temperatures it forms a passivation layer of silicon dioxide, protecting it from further oxidation. Its CAS number is [12136-78-6]. It is a gray metallic-looking material with tetragonal crystal structure (alpha-modification); its beta-modification is hexagonal and unstable. It is insoluble in acids and soluble in nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid.
Additional recommended knowledge
Molybdenum disilicide and MoSi2-based materials are usually made by sintering. Plasma spraying can be used for producing its dense monolithic and composite forms; material produced this way may contain a proportion of β-MoSi2 due to its rapid cooling.
Molybdenum disilicide heating elements can be used for temperatures up to 1800 °C, in electric furnaces used in laboratory and production environment in production of glass, steel, electronics, ceramics, and in heat treatment of materials. While the elements are brittle, they can operate at high power without aging, and their electrical resistivity does not increase with operation time. Their maximum operating temperature has to be lowered in atmospheres with low oxygen content due to breakdown of the passivation layer. These are mainly sold by Kanthal under the name Kanthal Super®.
Other ceramic materials used for heating elements are eg. silicon carbide, barium titanate, and lead titanate composite materials.
Categories: Silicides | Molybdenum compounds | Semiconductor materials | Refractory materials
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Molybdenum_disilicide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|