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Multiplicity function for N noninteracting spins

The multiplicity function for a two state paramagnet, Ω(n,N), is the number of spin states such that n of the N spins point in the z-direction. This function is given by the combinatoric function C(N,n). That is:

Additional recommended knowledge

\Omega (n,N) = {N \choose n} = {{N!} \over {n!(N - n)!}}

It is primarily used in introductory statistical mechanics and thermodynamics textbooks to explain the microscopic definition of entropy to students. If the spins are non-interacting, then the multiplicity function counts the number of states which have the same energy in an external field magnetic field. By definition, the entropy S is then given by the natural logarithm of this number:

S = k\ln \Omega (n,N) \, [1] Where k is the Boltzmann constant


  1. ^ Schroeder, Daniel V.. An Introduction to Thermal Dynamics. San Francisco: Addison Wesley Longman 2002.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Multiplicity_function_for_N_noninteracting_spins". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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