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Nickel(II) nitrate

Nickel(II) nitrate
Systematic name Nickel(II) nitrate, hexahydrate
Other names Nickel nitrate,

Nickelous nitrate,

Hydrated nickel nitrate

Molecular formula Ni(NO3)2.6H2O
Molar mass 290.83 g/mol
Appearance green hygroscopic solid
CAS number [13478-00-7] hexahydrate

[13138-45-9] anhydrous

Density and phase 2.05 g/cm3, ?
Solubility in water For the hexahydrate:

238.5 g/100 ml at 0°C

For the anhydrous salt:

79.2 g/100 ml at 0°C

94.2 g/100ml at 20°C

105 g/100ml at 30°C

119 g/100ml at 40°C

158 g/100ml at 60°C

187 g/100ml at 80°C

188 g/100ml at 90°C

Melting point 56.7°C (329.85 K)
Boiling point 137°C (410.15 K)
Acidity (pKa)  ?
Basicity (pKb)  ?
Chiral rotation [α]D  ?°
Crystal structure  ?
Dipole moment  ? D
Main hazards  ?
NFPA 704
Flash point Does not burn
R/S statement R: ?
S: ?
RTECS number  ?
UN Number UN 2725
Supplementary data page
Structure and
n, εr, etc.
Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
Related compounds
Other anions  ?
Other cations  ?
Related ?  ?
Related compounds  ?
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25°C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Nickel nitrate is the chemical compound Ni(NO3)2 or any hydrate thereof. The anhydrous form is not commonly encountered, thus "nickel nitrate" usually refers to nickel(II) nitrate hexahydrate. The formula for this species is written in two ways. Ni(NO3)2.6H2O and, more descriptively [Ni(H2O)6](NO3)2. The latter formula indicates that the nickel(II) center is surrounded by six water molecules in this hydrated salt. The nitrate anions are not bonded to nickel.

[Ni(H2O)6](NO3)2 is highly soluble in water, giving emerald green solutions. It is a useful precursor to other nickel(II) derivatives where the water ligands would be replaced.

When ions form, the outermost electrons (highest n value) are lost first, which results in the electron configuration of 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8, instead of ...4s2 3d6.


Like other nitrates, nickel nitrate is oxidizing, so that caution should be exercised when it contacts with reducing materials such as organic substances. It is also irritating to the eyes, skin and, upon inhalation of the dust, respiratory tract. It may cause skin allergy. Nickel nitrate is a suspected carcinogen, along with most other nickel compounds. The nickel ion is also toxic to aquatic organisms.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nickel(II)_nitrate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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