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Perrhenic acid is the chemical compound with the formula Re2O7(OH2)2. It is obtained by evaporating aqueous solutions of Re2O7. Conventionally, perrhenic acid is considered to have the formula HReO4, and a species of this formula forms when rhenium(VII) oxide sublimes in the presence of water or steam. For most purposes, perrhenic acid and rhenium(VII) oxide are used interchangeably.
Additional recommended knowledge
The structure of solid perrhenic acid is [O3Re-O-ReO3(H2O)2]. This species is a rare example of a metal oxide coordinated to water - most often metal-oxo-aquo species are unstable with respect to the corresponding hydroxides:
Gaseous perrhenic acid is tetrahedral, as suggested by its formula HOReO3.
Perrhenic acid or the related anhydrous oxide Re2O7 converts to dirhenium heptasulfide upon treatment with hydrogen sulfide:
The heptasulfide, which has a complex structure, catalyses the hydrogenation of double bonds and is useful because it tolerates sulfur compounds, which poison noble metal catalysts. Re2S7 also catalyses the reduction of nitric oxide to N2O.
Perrhenic acid combined with platinum on a support gives rise to a useful hydrogenation and hydrocracking catalyst for the petroleum industry. For example, silica impregnated with a solution of perrhenic acid is reduction with hydrogen at 500 °C. This catalyst is used in the dehydrogenation of alcohols and also promotes the decomposition of ammonia.
Other catalytic reactions
Perrhenic acid is a precursor to a variety of homogeneous catalysts, some of which are promising in niche applications that can justify the high cost of rhenium. In combination with tertiary arsines, perrhenic acid gives a catalyst for the epoxidation of alkenes with hydrogen peroxide. Perrhenic acid catalyses the dehydration of oximes to nitriles.
Perrhenic acid is also used in the manufacture of x-ray targets.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Perrhenic_acid". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|