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Perrhenic acid



Perrhenic acid
General
Systematic name Perrhenic(VII) acid
Other names Hydrated rhenium(VII) oxide
Molecular formula H4O9Re2 (solid)
HO4Re (gas)
Molar mass 251.2055 g/mol
Appearance Pale yellow solid
CAS number [13768-11-1]
Properties
Density and phase  ?
Solubility in water Soluble
Other solvents nitromethane
Melting point  ?°C (? K)
Boiling point sublimes
Acidity (pKa) -1.25[citation needed]
Structure
Coordination
geometry
octahedral-tetrahedral (solid)
tetrahedral (gas)
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards Corrosive
NFPA 704
0
3
0
 
Flash point Non-flammable
R/S statement R: R34
S: S26, S36/37, S39, S45
RTECS number TT4550000
Supplementary data page
Thermodynamic
data
Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Related compounds
Related compounds Re2O7, Mn2O7
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Perrhenic acid is the chemical compound with the formula Re2O7(OH2)2. It is obtained by evaporating aqueous solutions of Re2O7. Conventionally, perrhenic acid is considered to have the formula HReO4, and a species of this formula forms when rhenium(VII) oxide sublimes in the presence of water or steam.[1] For most purposes, perrhenic acid and rhenium(VII) oxide are used interchangeably.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Properties

The structure of solid perrhenic acid is [O3Re-O-ReO3(H2O)2].[2] This species is a rare example of a metal oxide coordinated to water - most often metal-oxo-aquo species are unstable with respect to the corresponding hydroxides:

M(O)(H2O) → M(OH)2

Gaseous perrhenic acid is tetrahedral, as suggested by its formula HOReO3.

Principal reactions

Perrhenic acid or the related anhydrous oxide Re2O7 converts to dirhenium heptasulfide upon treatment with hydrogen sulfide:

Re2O7+ 7 H2S → Re2S7 + 7 H2O

The heptasulfide, which has a complex structure,[3] catalyses the hydrogenation of double bonds and is useful because it tolerates sulfur compounds, which poison noble metal catalysts. Re2S7 also catalyses the reduction of nitric oxide to N2O.

Perrhenic acid in the presence of HCl undergoes reduction in the presence of thioethers and tertiary phosphines to give Re(V) complexes with the formula ReOCl3L2.[4]

Perrhenic acid combined with platinum on a support gives rise to a useful hydrogenation and hydrocracking catalyst for the petroleum industry.[5] For example, silica impregnated with a solution of perrhenic acid is reduction with hydrogen at 500 °C. This catalyst is used in the dehydrogenation of alcohols and also promotes the decomposition of ammonia.

Other catalytic reactions

Perrhenic acid is a precursor to a variety of homogeneous catalysts, some of which are promising in niche applications that can justify the high cost of rhenium. In combination with tertiary arsines, perrhenic acid gives a catalyst for the epoxidation of alkenes with hydrogen peroxide.[6] Perrhenic acid catalyses the dehydration of oximes to nitriles.[7]

Other uses

Perrhenic acid is also used in the manufacture of x-ray targets.

References

  1. ^ Glemser, O.; Müller, A.; Schwarzkopf, H. “Gasförmige Hydroxide. IX. Über ein Gasförmiges Hydroxid des Rheniums” Zeitschrifft fur anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 1964, volume 334, pages 21-26. doi:10.1002/zaac.19643340105.
  2. ^ Beyer, H.; Glemser, O.; Krebs, B. “Dirhenium Dihydratoheptoxide Re2O7(OH2)2 - New Type of Water Bonding in an Aquoxide” Angewandte Chemie, International Edition English 1968, Volume 7, Pages 295 - 296. doi:10.1002/anie.196802951.
  3. ^ Schwarz, D. E.; Frenkel, A. I.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Rauchfuss, T. B.; Vairavamurthy, A., "Electrosynthesis of ReS4. XAS Analysis of ReS2, Re2S7, and ReS4", Chemistry of Materials, 2004, volume 16, pages 151-158.doi:10.1021/cm034467v
  4. ^ Parshall, G. W. Inorganic Syntheses, 1977, volume XVII, pages 110-112. ISBN 0-07-044327-0.
  5. ^ Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.
  6. ^ ^  van Vliet, M. C. A.; Arends, I. W. C. E.; Sheldon, R. A. (1999). "Rhenium Catalysed Epoxidations with Hydrogen Peroxide: Tertiary Arsines as Effective Cocatalysts". J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1: 377–80.
  7. ^ Ishihara, K.; Furuya, Y.; Yamamoto, H. ”Rhenium(VII) Oxo Complexes as Extremely Active Catalysts in the Dehydration of Primary Amides and Aldoximes to Nitriles” [[Angewandte Chemie, International Edition, volume 41, 2983-2986; 2002. doi:10.1002/1521-3773

External links

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Perrhenic_acid". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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