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## Theory of heatIn the history of science, the ## Additional recommended knowledgeIn the years to follow, the phrase the "dynamical theory of heat" slowly evolved into the new science of thermodynamics. In 1876, for instance, American civil engineer Richard Sears McCulloch, in his This term was used in 19th centuries to describe a number of laws, relations, and experimental phenomenon in relation to heat; those such as thermometry, calorimetry, combustion, specific heat, and discussions as to the quantity of heat released or absorbed during the expansion or compression of a gas, etc. One of the most famous publications, in this direction, was the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell’s 1871 book The term “theory of heat”, being associated with either vibratory motion or energy, was generally used in contrast to the caloric theory, which views heat as a fluid or a weightless gas able to move in and out of pores in solids and found between atoms. In an 1807 journal of Nicholson’s, as an example, we find: “…it is well known that Count Rumford adheres to the old ## See also- Heat
- History of thermodynamics
- Phlogiston
- Thermodynamics
- Timeline of thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and random processes
## References**^**Clausius, Rudolf. (1879).*Mechanical Theory of Heat*, 2nd Edition. London: Macmillan & Co.**^**Thomson, William. (1951). “On the Dynamical Theory of Heat, with numerical results deduced from Mr Joule’s equivalent of a Thermal Unit, and M. Regnault’s Observations on Steam.” Excerpts. [§§1-14 & §§99-100], Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, March, 1851; and Philosophical Magazine IV. 1852, [from Mathematical and Physical Papers, vol. i, art. XLVIII, pp. 174]**^**Maxwell, James, C. (1871).*Theory of Heat*. Dover Publications, Inc..__ISBN 0-486-41735-2__.**^**Clausius, Ruldolf (1850).*On the Motive Power of Heat, and on the Laws which can be deduced from it for the Theory of Heat*. Poggendorff's*Annalen der Physick*, LXXIX (Dover Reprint).__ISBN 0-486-59065-8__.
Categories: Thermodynamics | Heat |

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Theory_of_heat". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia. |