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Trichloroethylene (data page)



This page provides supplementary chemical data on trichloroethylene.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Material Safety Data Sheet

The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source such as SIRI, and follow its directions. MSDS for trichloroethylene is available at Mallinckrodt Baker.

Structure and properties

Structure and properties
Index of refraction,[1]nD 1.4777 at 19.8°C
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant,[2] εr 3.4 ε0 at 16 °C
Bond strength  ?
Bond length  ?
Bond angle  ?
Magnetic susceptibility  ?
Surface tension[3] 28.7 dyn/cm
Viscosity[4] 0.53 mPa·s at 25°C

Thermodynamic properties

Phase behavior
Triple point[5] 188.4 K (–84.7 °C), ? Pa
Critical point[5] 571 K (298 °C), 5016 kPa
Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
8.45 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of fusion, ΔfusSo
44.8 J/(mol·K)
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
31.4 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of vaporization, ΔvapSo
 ? J/(mol·K)
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sosolid
 ? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp  ? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
–53.1 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Soliquid
 ? J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of combustion, ΔcHoliquid –947.7 kJ/mol
Heat capacity, cp 120.1 J/(mol K)
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
–19.1 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sogas
 ? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity,[6] cp 80.7 J/(mol K) at 25°C

Vapor pressure of liquid

P in mm Hg 1 10 40 100 400 760
T in °C –43.8 –12.4 11.9 31.4 67.0 86.7

Table data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 44th ed.

 

Distillation data

Vapor-liquid Equilibrium
for Trichlorethylene/Carbon tetrachloride
[7]
P = 760 mmHg
BP
Temp.
°C
% by mole CCl4
liquid vapor
86.0 6.0 7.5
85.1 14.7 17.6
84.4 20.2 25.0
84.2 22.4 27.8
83.5 27.4 34.4
83.1 31.5 38.0
82.5 37.6 44.5
81.3 49.0 56.5
81.0 52.5 58.9
80.5 58.0 65.0
80.0 62.7 70.0
79.1 70.6 78.0
78.5 76.7 82.9
78.1 80.4 86.6
77.3 91.8 95.0
76.9 96.5 98.0
   
Vapor-liquid Equilibrium
for Trichlorethylene/Tetrachloroethylene
[7]
P = 760 mmHg
BP
Temp.
°C
% by mole trichloroethylene
liquid vapor
117.0 7.5 17.8
115.7 10.0 22.8
112.8 16.2 33.8
110.5 21.7 42.0
109.1 25.0 46.8
106.9 30.8 53.7
105.7 33.6 57.2
103.4 39.4 62.7
101.0 46.2 69.8
100.0 49.3 71.8
98.4 55.0 75.6
96.3 61.4 80.0
94.4 68.5 84.3
93.4 72.3 87.2
92.1 76.9 88.8
89.5 87.5 95.0
   
Vapor-liquid Equilibrium
for Trichlorethylene/Isopropanol
[7]
P = 100 kPa
BP
Temp.
°C
% by mole trichloroethylene
liquid vapor
81.7 0.0 0.0
81.4 0.8 2.1
80.4 3.2 8.0
79.3 6.8 14.7
78.3 10.6 20.9
77.2 15.6 27.3
76.3 21.8 33.7
75.6 29.0 39.4
75.2 35.7 43.7
74.9 43.3 47.7
74.8 50.9 50.8
74.8 57.3 53.9
75.0 63.2 56.2
75.3 69.5 58.7
75.7 75.2 61.1
76.2 79.8 64.1
77.4 86.2 68.8
78.9 90.8 74.5
80.5 94.1 80.1
81.3 94.9 83.0
82.5 96.7 87.1
83.5 97.9 90.7
84.2 98.5 92.9
85.0 99.1 95.1
86.4 100.0 100.0

Spectral data

UV-Vis
λmax  ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε  ?
IR
Major absorption bands  ? cm−1
NMR
Proton NMR  
Carbon-13 NMR  
Other NMR data  
MS
Masses of
main fragments
 

References

  1. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. pp 1289-1376
  2. ^ CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 44th ed. pp 2613-2620
  3. ^ Precision Cleaning. Forward Technology. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.
  4. ^ 1,1,2-trichloroethylene. California Air Resources Board. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.
  5. ^ a b Mingxiang Lou, Oleg A. Mazyar, Mark W. Vaughn, William L. Hase, Lenore L. Dai. Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Nanoparticle Self-Assembly at a Liquid/Liquid Surface. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.
  6. ^ a b Pure Component Properties (Queriable Database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.
  7. ^ a b c Binary Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved on 1 June 2007.
  • NIST Standard Reference Database.

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

Disclaimer applies.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Trichloroethylene_(data_page)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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