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Tris(pentafluorophenyl)boron



Tris(pentafluorphenyl)boron
General
Systematic name Tris(pentafluorophenyl)boron
Other names Perfluorotriphenylboron
Molecular formula (C6F5)3B
C18F15B
SMILES  ?
Molar mass 511.98 g/mol
Appearance colorless solid
CAS number [1109-15-5]
Properties
Density and phase  ? g/cm³, ?
Solubility in water forms adduct
Melting point 126-131 °C
Boiling point  ? °C (? K)
Viscosity  ? cP at ? °C
Structure
Molecular shape trigonal planar
Dipole moment 0 D
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards  ?
NFPA 704
R/S statement R: 36/37/38
S: 26-36
RTECS number  ?
Supplementary data page
Structure and
properties
n, εr, etc.
Thermodynamic
data
Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
Related compounds
Related compounds Triphenylboron (C6H5)3B
BF3
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Tris(pentafluorophenyl)boron is the chemical compound (C6F5)3B. The molecule consists of three pentafluorophenyl groups attached in a "paddle-wheel" manner to a central boron atom; the BC3 core is planar. It has been described as the “ideal Lewis acid” because of its versatility and the relative inertness of the B-C bonds. Related fluoro-substituted boron compounds, such as those containing B-CF3 groups, decompose with formation of B-F bonds.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Preparation

(C6F5)3B is prepared using a Grignard reagent:

3C6F5MgBr + BCl3 → (C6F5)3B + 3MgBrCl

Originally the synthesis employed C6F5Li, but this reagent can detonate with elimination of LiF.[1]

Lewis acidity

The most noteworthy property of this molecule is its strong Lewis acidity: stronger than BF3 but weaker than BCl3. This property indicates that the electronegativity of the C6F5 group and a halide are similar. An most important application of (C6F5)3B is that it forms noncoordinating anions by removing anionic ligands from metal centers.[2] Illustrative is a reaction that give rise to alkene polymerization catalyst:

(C6F5)3B + (C5H5)2Zr(CH3)2 → [(C5H5)2ZrCH3+][ C6F5)3BCH3]

In this process, the strongly coordinating methyl group transfers to the boron to expose a reactive site on zirconium. Alkenes can bind to this site, whereupon they couple to the remaining methyl ligand to give a propyl ligand, thereby starting the growth of a chain of polyethylene.

(C6F5)3B is also capable of abstracting hydride to give [(C6F5)3BH], and it catalyzes hydrosilylation of aldehydes. Otherwise (C6F5)3B binds to a wide range of Lewis bases, even weak ones.[3] The compound is hygroscopic, forming the trihydrate [(C6F5)3BOH2](H2O)2, wherein one water in coordinated to boron and the other two waters are hydrogen-bonded to the coordinated water.

Related compounds are Pentafluorophenylboron halides. [4]

Other reactions

(C6F5)3B was used to prepare a compound containing a Xe-C bond:

(C6F5)3B + XeF2 → [C6F5Xe+][(C6F5)2BF2]

One study [5] reported a nucleophilic aromatic substitution on one of the pentafluorinephenyl rings by dimesityl phosphane:

The bulky mesityl groups prevent the phosphorus atom from coordinating directly to boron and instead the ring is attacked. When the fluorine atom on boron is replaced by hydrogen with dimethylchlorosilylhydride, the resulting phosphazenium borate is capable of reversible hydrogen storage [6]

References

  1. ^ Piers, W. E.; Chivers, T. “Pentafluorophenylboranes: from Obscurity to Applications” Chemical Society Reviews volume 26, pages 345-354 (1997)
  2. ^ Fuhrmann, H.; Brenner, S.; Arndt, P.; Kempe, R. “Octahedral Group 4 Metal Complexes That Contain Amine, Amido, and Aminopyridinato Ligands: Synthesis, Structure, and Application in α-Olefin Oligo- and Polymerization” Inorganic Chemistry 1996, 35, 6742-6745.
  3. ^ Erker, G. "Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane: A Special Boron Lewis Acid for Special Reactions" Dalton Transactions (2005), 1883-1890.
  4. ^ Chivers, T. “Pentafluorophenylboron halides: 40 years later” Journal of Fluorine Chemistry (2002), volume 115, page 1-8.
  5. ^ Reversible, Metal-Free Hydrogen Activation Gregory C. Welch, Ronan R. San Juan, Jason D. Masuda, Douglas W. Stephan Science (journal) 17 November 2006: Vol. 314. no. 5802, pp. 1124 - 1126 doi:10.1126/science.1134230
  6. ^ See also hydrogen storage

External links

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tris(pentafluorophenyl)boron". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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