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Vinyl acetate



Vinyl acetate
IUPAC name Vinyl acetate
Other names Acetic acid vinyl ester, acetoxyethene, VyAc, VAM, zeset T, VAM vinyl acetate monomer, acetic acid ethenyl ester, 1-acetoxyethylene
Identifiers
CAS number 108-05-4
SMILES C=COC(C)=O
Properties
Molecular formula C4H6O2
Molar mass 86.09 g/mol
Appearance Colourless liquid
Density 0.934 g/cm3
Melting point

-93 °C

Boiling point

72.7 °C

Hazards
NFPA 704
3
2
2
 
R-phrases R11
S-phrases S16, S23, S29, S33
Flash point -8°C
Autoignition
temperature
427 °C
Explosive limits 2.6–13.40%
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Vinyl acetate is the organic compound with the formula CH3COOCH=CH2. This colorless liquid with a pungent odor is the precursor to an important polymer polyvinyl acetate. Like other industrially significant compounds, vinyl acetate has numerous names and acronymns.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Preparation

The major industrial route involves the reaction of ethylene and acetic acid with oxygen in the presence of a palladium catalyst.[1] It is also prepared by the gas-phase addition of acetic acid to acetylene.[1]

Polymerization

It can be polymerized, either by itself to make polyvinyl acetate or with other monomers to prepare copolymers such as ethylene-vinyl acetate. Due to the instability of the radical, attempts to control the polymerization via most 'living/controlled' radical processes have proved problematic. However, RAFT (or more specifically MADIX) polymerization offers a convenient method of controlling the synthesis of PVA by the addition of a xanthate chain transfer agent.

Other derivatives

Vinyl acetate undergoes many of the reactions anticipated for an alkene and an ester. Bromine adds to give the dibromide. Hydrogen halides add to give 1-haloethyl acetates, which cannot be generate by other methods because of the non-availability of the corresponding halo-alcohols. Acetic acid adds in the presence of palladium catalysts to give ethylidene diacetate, CH3CH(OAc)2. It undergoes transesterification with a variety of carboxylic acids.[2] The alkene also undergoes Diels-Alder and 2+2 cycloadditions.

References

  1. ^ G. Roscher "Vinyl Esters" in Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 2007 John Wiley & Sons: New York.
  2. ^ D. Swern and E. F. Jordan, Jr “Vinyl Laurate and Other Vinyl Esters” Organic Syntheses, Collected Volume 4, p.977 (1963). http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/pdfs/CV4P0977.pdf
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Vinyl_acetate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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