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Zinc selenide



Zinc selenide
Other names zinc(II) selenide
Identifiers
CAS number 1315-09-9
Properties
Molecular formula ZnSe
Molar mass 144.35 g/mol
Appearance light yellow solid
Density 5.27 g/cm3, solid
Melting point

1525 °C

Boiling point

°C

Solubility in water Insoluble
Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
−177.6 kJ/mol
Standard molar
entropy
So298
 ???? J.K−1.mol−1
Hazards
MSDS Oxford University Safety Data
EU classification Dangerous for
the environment (N)
R-phrases R20 R22 R36 R38 R23/R25 R33
Related Compounds
Other anions Zinc sulfide
Zinc oxide
Zinc telluride
Other cations Cadmium selenide
Mercury selenide
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Zinc selenide (ZnSe), is a light yellow binary solid compound. It is an intrinsic semiconductor with a band gap of about 2.7 eV at 25 °C. It has a standard enthalpy of formation of 177.6 kJ/mol at 25 °C. It adopts a Zincblende lattice structure with lattice constant a=566.8 picometers.

ZnSe rarely occurs in nature. It is found in the mineral stilleite named after Hans Stille.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Applications

  • ZnSe is used to form II-VI light-emitting diodes and diode lasers. It emits blue light. It is susceptible to n-type doping with, for instance, halogen elements. P-type doping is more difficult, but can be achieved by introducing nitrogen.
  • ZnSe doped with chromium (ZnSe:Cr) has been used as an infrared laser gain medium emitting at about 2.5 µm.[1]
  • It is used as an infrared optical material with a remarkably wide transmission wavelength range (0.6 µm to 20 µm). The refractive index is about 2.67 at 550 nm (green), and about 2.40 at 10.6 µm (LWIR). ZnSe is produced as microcrystalline sheets by synthesis from H2Se gas and zinc vapour. Lasertran (trademark of Rohm & Haas) grade is especially free of absorption and inclusions and is used particularly for CO2 laser optics at 10.6 micrometres wavelength. It is thus a very important IR material. In daily life, it can be found as the entrance optic in the new range of "in-ear" clinical thermometers and can be just seen as a small yellow window. Zinc selenide can slowly react with atmospheric moisture if poorly polished, but this is not generally a serious problem. Except where optics are use in spectroscopy or at the brewster angle, antireflection or beamsplitting coatings are generally employed.
  • ZnSe doped with tellurium (ZnSe(Te)) is a scintillator with emission peak at 640 nm, suitable for matching with photodiodes. It is used in x-ray and gamma ray detectors. ZnSe scintillators are significantly different from the ZnS ones.

Chemistry

ZnSe reacts with acids to form toxic hydrogen selenide gas.

It is grown by chemical vapour deposition techniques including MOVPE.

See also

References

  1. ^ Cr2+ excitation levels in ZnSe and ZnS, G. Grebe, G. Roussos and H.-J. Schulz, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. vol. 9 pp. 4511-4516 (1976) doi:10.1088/0022-3719/9/24/020
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Zinc_selenide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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