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696 Current news about the topic carbon


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Space Telescope unveils the dark side of pre-stellar ice chemistry

Chameleon I hides a wealth of frozen molecules


The discovery of diverse ices in the darkest, coldest regions of a molecular cloud measured to date has been announced by an international team of astronomers using the NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope. This result allows astronomers to examine the simple icy molecules that will be ...


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Electron injection builds novel crystalline carbons


Chargeinjection waswidely utilized in tuning the energy level ofelectrons in semiconductorswithout altering theirmicroscopic structures. Recently, a research team led by Professor ZHU Yanwu fromthe University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ...


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Electrochemistry converts carbon to useful molecules

How a team uses electrosynthesis to turn carbon dioxide into valuable pharmaceutical molecules


A chemistry collaboration led to a creative way to put carbon dioxide to good – and even healthy – use: by incorporating it, via electrosynthesis, into a series of organic molecules that are vital to pharmaceutical development. In the process, the team made an innovative discovery. By changing ...


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New iron catalyst could – finally! – make hydrogen fuel cells affordable

“We believe this is a significant breakthrough that will eventually help unleash the tremendous potential of hydrogen fuel cells”


For decades, scientists have been searching for a catalyst that dramatically reduces the cost of fabricating hydrogen fuel cells. Such an advancement could lead to a green power revolution, with everything from laptops to locomotives running on a fuel whose only byproduct is water. New research ...


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"Hot" graphene reveals migration of carbon atoms

The study is an example of serendipity in research


The migration of carbon atoms on the surface of the nanomaterial graphene was recently measured for the first time. Although the atoms move too swiftly to be directly observed with an electron microscope, their effect on the stability of the material can now be determined indirectly while the ...


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How the first biomolecules could have been formed

International team shows that the first biologically relevant compounds could have originated on Earth's surface


The chemical precursors of present-day biomolecules could have formed not only in the deep sea at hydrothermal vents, but also in warm ponds on the Earth's surface. The chemical reactions that may have occurred in this “primordial soup” have now been reproduced in experiments by an international ...


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Lithium-ion batteries that last longer in extreme cold

A lithium-ion battery made with a bumpy carbon-based anode material maintained its rechargeable storage capacity in extreme cold


When temperatures fall below freezing, cellphones need to be recharged frequently, and electric cars have shorter driving ranges. This is because their lithium-ion batteries’ anodes get sluggish, holding less charge and draining energy quickly. To improve electrical performance in the extreme ...


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Long-hypothesized 'next generation wonder material’ created for first time

Scientists have successfully synthesized graphyne, which has been theorized for decades but never successfully produced


For over a decade, scientists have attempted to synthesize a new form of carbon called graphyne with limited success. That endeavor is now at an end, though, thanks to new research from the University of Colorado Boulder. Graphyne has long been of interest to scientists because of its ...


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Growing extremely tiny, uniformly sized diamonds — without explosives

Precise way to make nanodiamonds


Diamonds aren’t just glittery, sparkly gems for jewelry. The smallest ones, only a few nanometers wide, are also crucial for drug delivery, sensors and quantum computer processors. Producing diamond nanoparticles that are consistently sized is important to the success of these technologies. Now, ...


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Harnessing sea pineapples and blood waste for metal-air-battery catalysts

“We could utilize two industrial waste products - ones that have historically been difficult to dispose of - and applied them to produce green hydrogen”


Sea pineapples, an edible ascidian, are a delicacy in Japan. The Tohoku region is famed for its sea pineapple production - known as hoya in Japanese. Now, a research group has established a new use for the scores of sea pineapple shells that get discarded every year. Led by professor Hiroshi ...


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