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Toxicity

News Toxicity

  • Green chemistry needs more green toxicology

    With the early assessment of sustainable, newly developed chemicals and products it is possible to assess a potential risk of toxic substances being released at a later point in product cascades. This has been revealed in a proof-of-concept study jointly coordinated by Goethe University Frankfurt an more

  • Learning from dust: health risks of microparticles

    Researchers at the University of Bayreuth want to find out the consequences of inhaled microplastics. In order to better understand them, they have conducted an interdisciplinary study to find out how the health risks of particles such as soot, grinding dust or asbestos are related to their physical more

  • Animal-free method predicts nanoparticle toxicity for safer industrial materials

    Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München together with scientists across Europe developed a novel animal-free method to predict the toxic effect of nanoparticles to the human lung. The method aims to enable the safety-by-design development of safer industrial materials. Our lungs are exposed to a mu more

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Videos Toxicity

Bacteria Found to Produce Compounds Toxic to Humans

A Scripps Oceanography-led research team discovered for the first time that a common marine sponge hosts bacteria that specialize in the production of toxic compounds nearly identical to man-made fire retardants. more

Infographics Toxicity

Natural vs. Man-Made Chemicals

The term ‘chemophobia’ has been used on social media amongst chemists with increasing regularity over the past year. Defined as ‘a fear of chemicals’, more specifically it refers to the growing tendency for the public to be suspicious and critical of the presence of any man-made (synthetic) chemical more

The Chemistry of Poisons

This graphic is the first in a planned series looking at the effects and chemistry of a range of different poisons. As such, it seemed appropriate to start with one of the most well known poisons: arsenic. Arsenic has been used by poisoners for centuries, primarily in the form of white arsenic, or a more

The Chemistry of Deodorants vs. Antiperspirants

Deodorants and antiperspirants are products that the majority of us make use of everyday. The two terms aren’t interchangeable, however; there is a difference in the manner in which they act to reduce body odour. Today’s graphic is a collaboration with ACS Reactions looking at the chemical compounds more

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q&more articles Toxicity

  • The Right Dose

    Although acute toxicity studies in animals are an indispensable prerequisite for the ­realisation of clinical trials in humans, these can only be projected to humans to a limited extent, and thus are scientifically problematic and ethically questionable. Therefore, the international regulatory authorities increasingly recommend the use of alternative in vitro methods in the framework of safety studies in accordance with the ”3R Principle“ (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement). more

Definition

Oxygen toxicity

Oxygen toxicity Oxygen toxicity or oxygen toxicity syndrome (also known as the "Paul Bert effect") is severe hyperoxia caused by breathing oxygen at elevated partial pressure s. The high concentration of oxygen damages cell s. The precise mec ... more

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