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Cyclohexanone



Cyclohexanone[1][2]
Identifiers
CAS number 108-94-1
SMILES C1CCCCC1=O
Properties
Molecular formula C6H10O
Molar mass 98.15 g/mol
Appearance Colorless, liquid
Density 0.9478 g/mL, liquid
Melting point

−16.4 °C

Boiling point

155.65 °C

Solubility in water Slightly soluble
Solubility in ethanol Miscible
Viscosity 0.898 cP at 25 °C
Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
−270.7 kJ mol−1
Std enthalpy of
combustion
ΔcHo298
−3519.3 kJ/mol−1
Standard molar
entropy
So298
+229.03 J.K−1.mol−1
Hazards
EU classification Harmful (Xn)
NFPA 704
2
1
0
 
R-phrases R10, R20
S-phrases (S2), S25
Flash point 44 C
Related Compounds
Related ketones Cyclopentanone
Related compounds Cyclohexanol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Cyclohexanone is a six-carbon cyclic molecule with a ketone functional group. It is a colorless, oily liquid with an odor reminiscent of oil of peppermint and acetone. Over time, the color of the liquid changes to yellow. Cyclohexanone is slightly soluble in water (5-10 g/100 ml), but miscible with the most common organic solvents.

Additional recommended knowledge

Cyclohexanone is employed as an industrial solvent and as activator in oxidation reactions. It is also used in the production of adipic acid, cyclohexanone resins, caprolactam and nylon 6.[3]

References

  1. ^ International Chemical Safety Card 0425
  2. ^ NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
  3. ^ Cyclohexanone at Chemicalland21.com
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cyclohexanone". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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