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Enflurane (2-chloro-1,1,2,-trifluoroethyl-difluoromethyl ether) is a halogenated ether that was commonly used for inhalational anesthesia during the 1970s and 1980s. Developed by Ross Terrell in 1963, it was first used clinically in 1966.
Additional recommended knowledge
Clinically, enflurane produces a dose-related depression of myocardial contractility with an associated decrease in myocardial oxygen consumption. Between 2% and 5% of the inhaled dose is oxidised in the liver, producing fluoride ions and difluoromethoxy-difluoroacetic acid. This is significantly higher than the metabolism of its structural isomer isoflurane.
Enflurane also lowers the threshold for seizures and should especially not be used on people with epilepsy. It is also known to cause malignant hyperthermia.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Enflurane". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|