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A fluxon is a quantum of magnetic flux, and may have one of several meanings:
Additional recommended knowledge
In the context of superconductivity, a fluxon (aka Abrikosov vortex) is a small whisker of normal phase surrounded by superconducting phase. Supercurrents circulate around its center. The magnetic field through such a whisker and its neighborhood, which has size of the order of London penetration depth λL (˜100 nm), is quantized because of the phase properties of the magnetic vector potential in quantum electrodynamics.
In the context of long Josephson junctions, a fluxon (aka Josephson vortex) is made of circulating supercurrents and has no normal core. Supercurrents circulate just around mathematical center of a fluxon. Again, the magnetic flux created by circulating supercurrents is equal to a magnetic flux quantum Φ0.
In the context of numerical MHD modeling, a fluxon is a discretized magnetic field line, representing a finite amount of magnetic flux in a localized bundle in the model. Fluxon models are explicitly designed to preserve the topology of the magnetic field, overcoming numerical resistivity effects in Eulerian models.
Categories: Superconductivity | Josephson effect
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fluxon". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|