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The Gibbs-Helmholtz equation is a thermodynamic equation useful for calculating changes in the Gibbs energy of a system as a function of temperature. It is named after Josiah Willard Gibbs and Hermann von Helmholtz:
Additional recommended knowledge
at constant pressure . The equation states that the change in the G/T ratio at constant pressure as a result of an infinitesimally small change in temperature is a factor (H/T2).
For a chemical reaction the equation reads:
with as the change in Gibbs energy and as the enthalpy change (which is considered independent of temperature).
which can rearrange to:
This equation quickly enables the calculation of the Gibbs free energy change for a chemical reaction at any temperature T2 with knowledge of just the Standard Gibbs free energy change of formation and the Standard enthalpy change of formation for the individual components at 25°C and 1 bar.
The Gibbs free energy for a closed system
The dependence of the G/T ratio on T is found with the aid of the quotient rule:
From times it can be found like this:
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Gibbs-Helmholtz_equation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|