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Hexachlorophosphazene is the chemical compound with the formula N3Cl6P3. It is a cyclic compound, whose chemical formula is more descriptively written as (PNCl2)3. It is a trimer of the hypothetical compound N≡PCl2.
Additional recommended knowledge
The reaction of PCl5 and NH4Cl affords substances with the empirical formula PNCl2: Purification by sublimation gives mainly the trimer (PNCl2)3 and tetramer (PNCl2)4. These rings were characterized by Liebig in his study of the reaction of PCl5 and NH3:
Typical solvents are chlorobenzene.
Chemists have long known of rings containing carbon, e.g. benzene, pyridine, and cyclohexane. Related cyclic compounds lacking in carbon have been the subject of focused study. Hexachlorophosphazene is an archetype of this class of inorganic rings. Others include borazine, S4N4, and cyclic siloxanes.
Hexachlorophosphazene has attracted considerable interest as a precursor to "inorganic rubber". Upon heating to ca. 250 °C, the trimer polymerizes to give the linear polymer (PNCl2)n via a ring-opening polymerization process. This polymer is soluble in organic solvents such as THF and benzene, wherein it can be derivatized by replacement of the P-Cl bonds with P-OR or P-NR2 bonds (R = alkyl, aryl). The organically modified polymer is hydrolytically stable and exhibits some attractive properties such as low glass transition temperatures.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hexachlorophosphazene". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|