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Isobutyric acid, also known as 2-methylpropanoic acid, is a carboxylic acid with structural formula (CH3)2-CH-COOH. It is found in the free state in carobs (Ceratonia siliqua) and in the root of Arnica dulcis, and as an ethyl ester in croton oil.
Additional recommended knowledge
Isobutyric acid is an isomer of n-butyric acid; they have the same chemical formula C4H8 O2 but a different structure.
Isobutyric acid may be artificially prepared by the hydrolysis of isobutyronitrile with alkalis, by the oxidation of isobutanol with potassium dichromate and sulfuric acid, or by the action of sodium amalgam on methacrylic acid. It is a liquid of somewhat unpleasant smell, boiling at 155 °C. Its specific gravity is 0.9697 (0 °C) and pKa is 4.84 (20 °C). Heated with chromic acid solution to 140 °C, it gives carbon dioxide and acetone. Alkaline potassium permanganate oxidizes it to α-hydroxyisobutyric acid, (CH3)2-C(OH)-COOH. Its salts are more soluble in water than those of butyric acid.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Isobutyric_acid". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|