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List of semiconductor materials

Semiconductor materials are insulators at absolute zero temperature that conduct electricity in a limited way at room temperature (see also Semiconductor). The defining property of a semiconductor material is that it can be doped with impurities that alter its electronic properties in a controllable way.

Because of their application in devices like transistors (and therefore computers) and lasers, the search for new semiconductor materials and the improvement of existing materials is an important field of study in materials science.

The most commonly used semiconductor materials are crystalline inorganic solids. These materials can be classified according to the periodic table groups from which their constituent atoms come.

The group III nitrides have high tolerance to ionizing radiation, making them suitable for radiation-hardened electronics.

List of semiconductor materials

  • III-V quaternary semiconductor alloys
    • Aluminium gallium indium phosphide (AlGaInP, also InAlGaP, InGaAlP, AlInGaP)
    • Aluminium gallium arsenide phosphide (AlGaAsP)
    • Indium gallium arsenide phosphide (InGaAsP)
    • Aluminium indium arsenide phosphide (AlInAsP)
    • Aluminium gallium arsenide nitride (AlGaAsN)
    • Indium gallium arsenide nitride (InGaAsN)
    • Indium aluminium arsenide nitride (InAlAsN)
  • III-V quinary semiconductor alloys
    • Gallium indium nitride arsenide antimonide (GaInNAsSb)
  • IV-VI ternary semiconductors
    • lead tin telluride (PbSnTe)
    • Thallium tin telluride (Tl2SnTe5)
    • Thallium germanium telluride (Tl2GeTe5)
  • II-V semiconductors
    • Cadmium phosphide (Cd3P2)
    • Cadmium arsenide (Cd3As2)
    • Cadmium antimonide (Cd3Sb2)
    • Zinc phosphide (Zn3P2)
    • Zinc arsenide (Zn3As2)
    • Zinc antimonide (Zn3Sb2)
  • Layered semiconductors
    • Lead(II) iodide (PbI2)
    • Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)
    • Gallium Selenide (GaSe)
    • Tin sulfide (SnS)
    • Bismuth Sulfide (Bi2S3)
  • Others
    • Copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS)
    • Platinum silicide (PtSi)
    • Bismuth(III) iodide (BiI3)
    • Mercury(II) iodide (HgI2)
    • Thallium(I) bromide (TlBr)
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_semiconductor_materials". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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