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Orthorhombic crystal system



  In crystallography, the orthorhombic crystal system is one of the 7 lattice point groups. Orthorhombic lattices result from stretching a cubic lattice along two of its lattice vectors by two different factors, resulting in a rectangular prism with a rectangular base (a by b) and height (c), such that abc. All three bases intersect at 90° angles. The three lattice vectors remain mutually orthogonal.

Additional recommended knowledge

There are four orthorhombic Bravais lattices: simple orthorhombic, base-centered orthorhombic, body-centered orthorhombic, and face-centered orthorhombic.

simple orthorhombic base-centered
orthorhombic
body-centered
orthorhombic
face-centered
orthorhombic

The point groups (or crystal classes) that fall under this crystal system are listed below, followed by their representations in International {Hermann-Mauguin) notation and Schoenflies notation, and mineral examples.

NameInternationalSchoenfliesExample
orthorhombic bipyramidal \frac2mmm D2h sulfur, olivine, aragonite
orthorhombic pyramidal 2mm C2v hemimorphite, bertrandite
orthorhombic sphenoidal 222 D2 epsomite

See also

References

  • Hurlbut, Cornelius S.; Klein, Cornelis, 1985, Manual of Mineralogy, 20th ed., pp. 69 - 73, ISBN 0-471-80580-7
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Orthorhombic_crystal_system". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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