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Prasugrel



Prasugrel
Systematic (IUPAC) name
5-[2-cyclopropyl-1-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-oxoethyl]-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydrothieno[3,2-c]pyridin-2-yl acetate
Identifiers
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PubChem 6918456
Chemical data
Formula C20H20FNO3S 
Mol. mass 373.442 g/mol
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Therapeutic considerations
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Prasugrel is a novel platelet inhibitor developed by Daiichi Sankyo Co. and produced by Ube and currently under clinical development in cooperation with Eli Lilly and Company for acute coronary syndromes planned for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Prasugrel is a member of the thienopyridine class of ADP receptor inhibitors, like ticlopidine and clopidogrel (trade name Plavix). These agents are believed to reduce the aggregation ("clumping") of platelets by irreversibly binding to P2Y12 receptors.

Additional recommended knowledge

TRITON-TIMI study

As published in the New England Journal of Medicine's online edition, the TRITON-TIMI 38 study of 13,608 patients with acute coronary syndromes compared prasugrel against clopidogrel, both in combination with aspirin, and found that, as a more potent anti-platelet agent, prasugrel reduced the combined rate of death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke (12.1% for clopidogrel vs. 9.9% for prasugrel). These favorable results were obtained at the expense of increasing the rate of serious bleeding (1.4%, vs. 0.9% in the clopidogrel group) and fatal bleeding (0.4% vs. 0.1%).[1] This resulted in an overall net clinical benefit in favour of prasugrel.

From the editorial in the NEJM, "In TRITON–TIMI 38, for each death from cardiovascular causes prevented by the use of prasugrel as compared with clopidogrel, approximately one additional episode of fatal bleeding was caused by prasugrel".[2]

References

  1. ^ Wiviott SD, Braunwald E, McCabe CH, et al. (2007). "Prasugrel versus clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes". N Engl J Med 357 (20): 2001–15. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0706482.
  2. ^ Bhatt DL (2007). "Intensifying Platelet Inhibition — Navigating between Scylla and Charybdis". N Engl J Med 357 (20): 2078–81. doi:10.1056/NEJMe0706859.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Prasugrel". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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