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Tetraphenylphosphonium chloride is the chemical compound with the formula (C6H5)4PCl, abbreviated Ph4PCl or PPh4Cl. Tetraphenylphosphonium and especially tetraphenylarsonium salts were formerly of interest in gravimetric analysis of perchlorate and related oxyanions. This colourless salt is used to generate lipophilic salts from inorganic and organometallic anions. Thus, Ph4P+ is useful as a phase-transfer catalyst, again because it allows inorganic anions to dissolve in organic solvents.
Additional recommended knowledge
Structure and basic properties
In X-ray crystallography, PPh4+ salts are of interest as they often crystallise easily. The rigidity of the phenyl groups facilitates packing and elevates the melting point relative to alkyl-based quaternary ammonium salts. Also, since these salts are soluble in organic media, a wide range of solvents can be employed for their crystallisation.
The compound was first reported in 1928, when it was prepared via the corresponding bromide salt (CAS# 2751-90-8), which in turn was synthesized by passing dry oxygen through the reaction of phenylmagnesium bromide and triphenylphosphine The synthesis probably proceeds via the the reaction of the Grignard reagent with triphenylphosphine oxide.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tetraphenylphosphonium_chloride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.