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How graphene nanoparticles improve the resolution of microscopes

Small particles, big effects

22-Nov-2019

Conventional light microscopes cannot distinguish structures when they are separated by a distance smaller than, roughly, the wavelength of light. Superresolution microscopy, developed since the 1980s, lifts this limitation, using fluorescent moieties. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for ...

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Pinpointing Pollutants from Space

Industrial plants can be precisely located to within two kilometers

19-Nov-2019

Nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2) are major contributors to air pollution. In order to accurately predict air quality and develop strategies to reduce pollution, precise emission data are needed. Daily satellite measurements can help to derive such data. The measuring instrument observes a specific ...

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Distorted Atoms

11-Nov-2019

In two experiments performed at the free-electron laser FLASH in Hamburg a cooperation led by physicists from the Heidelberg Max Planck Institute for Nuclear physics (MPIK) demonstrated strongly-driven nonlinear interaction of ultrashort extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) laser pulses with atoms and ions. ...

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Laser pulses create topological state in graphene

08-Nov-2019

Discovering ways to control the topological aspects of quantum materials is an important research frontier because it can lead to desirable electrical and spin transport properties for future device technologies. Now MPSD (Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter) scientists ...

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A Memory Effect at Single-Atom Level

06-Nov-2019

An international research group has observed new quantum properties on an artificial giant atom. The quantum system under investigation apparently has a memory - a new finding that could be used to build a quantum computer. The research group, consisting of German, Swedish and Indian scientists, ...

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Nanoceramics from the ball mill

Nanometer-sized corundum particles can now be produced amazingly easily

01-Nov-2019

Automotive catalysts, among others, and materials for dental implants could become more robust and easier to manufacture than ever before. This is because chemists at the Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung in Mülheim an der Ruhr have found a way to produce corundum (also known as ...

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Modelling the molecular architecture

New approach for the simulation of quantum chemistry

14-Oct-2019

Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. But even supercomputers quickly reach their limits. Now researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching ...

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How to design efficient materials for OLED displays

25-Sep-2019

For applications such as light-emitting diodes or solar cells, organic materials are nowadays in the focus of research. These organic molecules could be a promising alternative to currently used semiconductors such as silicon or germanium and are used in OLED displays. A major problem is that in ...

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Speeding up the hydrogen production by the magic topological surface states

29-Aug-2019

Water electrolysis could provide high-quality hydrogen gas that can be used in fuel cells directly. However, since noble metals, such as platinum and iridium, are currently needed to initiate such a reaction, the cost is very high. "Obviously, catalysts that are low-cost with high-activity are ...

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All-in-one: New microbe degrades oil to gas

22-Aug-2019

Microscopy suggests that the recently discovered microbe Methanoliparia produces methane from crude oil all by themselves. The tiny organisms cling to oil droplets and perform a great feat: As a single organism, they may produce methane from oil by a process called alkane disproportionation. ...

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