Proteasomes are large protein complex es inside all eukaryote s and archaea , as well as in some bacteria . In eukaryotes, they are located in the nucleus and the cytoplasm .Peters JM, Franke WW, Kleinschmidt JA. (1994) Distinct 19S and 20S subcomplexes of the 26S proteasome and their more
History of saffron
fresco from the excavation of Akrotiri on the Aegean island of Santorini .
The history of saffron in human cultivation and use reaches back more than 3,000 years. and spans many cultures, continents, and civilizations. Saffron , a spice derived from the dried stigmas of t more
Antioxidant glutathione . The yellow sphere is the redox-active sulfur atom that provides antioxidant activity, while the red, blue, white, and dark grey spheres represent oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, and carbon atoms, respectively.
An antioxidant is a molecule capable of slowing or preventing th more
Titanium () is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It is a light, strong, lustrous, corrosion -resistant (including resistance to sea water and chlorine ) transition metal with a grayish color . Titanium can be alloy ed with other elements such as iron , alumin more
Oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondrion is the site of oxidative phosphorylation in eukaryote s. The NADH and succinate generated in the citric acid cycle is oxidized, releasing energy to power the ATP synthase .
Oxidative phosphorylation is a metabolic pathway that uses energy released b more