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Search Encyclopedia's Encyclopedia of Chemistry provides articles for 64,557 entries from chemistry, pharmaceutics and material sciences as well as related scientific disciplines.


Black pepper

Black pepper Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae , cultivated for its fruit , which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning . The same fruit is also used to produce white pepper, red/pink pepper, and green pepper. Black pepper is native to South more


Diamond Diamond is an allotrope of carbon . It is the hardest known natural material and the third-hardest known material after aggregated diamond nanorods and ultrahard fullerite . Its hardness and high dispersion of light make it useful for industrial applications and jewelry . Diamon more


Saffron Saffron () is a spice derived from the flower of the saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), a species of crocus in the family Iridaceae . The flower has three stigma s, which are the distal ends of the plant's carpel s. Together with its style, the stalk connecting the stigmas to the rest of more


Photon In physics , the photon is the elementary particle responsible for electromagnetic phenomena. It is the carrier of electromagnetic radiation of all wavelength s, including gamma ray s, X-ray s, ultraviolet light , visible light , infrared light , microwave s, and radio waves . The ph more


Antioxidant glutathione . The yellow sphere is the redox-active sulfur atom that provides antioxidant activity, while the red, blue, white, and dark grey spheres represent oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, and carbon atoms, respectively. An antioxidant is a molecule capable of slowing or preventing th more

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