The aldol reaction is an important carbon-carbon bond formation reaction in organic chemistry .
In its usual form, it involves the nucleophilic addition of a ketone enolate to an aldehyde to form a β-hydroxy ketone, or "aldol" (aldehyde + alcohol), a structural unit foun more
Chemical warfare involves using the toxic properties of chemical substance s to kill, injure or incapacitate an enemy .
Chemical warfare is different from the use of conventional weapon s or nuclear weapon s because the destructive effects of chemical weapons are not primarily du more
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms . The main role of DNA molecule s is the long-term storage of information . DNA is often compared to a set of blueprints, since it cont more
Rudolf 'Rudi' Vrba, born Walter Rosenberg (September 11 , 1924 – March 27 , 2006 ), was a professor of pharmacology at the University of British Columbia . He came to public attention in 1944 when, in April that year, he and a friend, Alfréd Wetzler , became the second and third more
RNA interference trims double stranded RNA, to form small interfering RNA or microRNA . These processed RNAs are incorporated into the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which targets messenger RNA to prevent translation .
RNA interference (RNAi) is a mechanism that inhibits gene expression more