My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

Hexafluoro-2-propanol



1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-propanol
IUPAC name 1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro
-2-propanol
Other names Hexafluoroisopropanol,
Hexafluoroisopropyl alcohol,
HFIP
Identifiers
CAS number 920-66-1
RTECS number UB6450000
SMILES C(F)(F)(F)C(O)C(F)(F)(F)
Properties
Molecular formula C3H2F6O
Molar mass 168.05 g/mol
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 1.596 g/ml, liquid
Melting point

−3.3°C (269 K)

Boiling point

58.2°C (331 K)

Solubility in water Miscible, 100 g/100 ml (25°C)
Solubility in other solvents Miscible
Viscosity 1.65 cP at 20°C
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards Corrosive (C)
NFPA 704
0
3
0
 
R-phrases R20/22, R34, R41
S-phrases S26, S36/37/39, S45
Flash point >373°C
Related Compounds
Related organofluorides Hexafluoro-2-propanone
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Hexafluoroisopropanol, commonly abbreviated HFIP is the organic compound with the formula (CF3)2CHOH. This fluorinated alcohol finds use as solvent for polymer systems. It appears as a colorless, volatile liquid that is characterized by a strong, pungent odor. As a solvent hexafluoro-2-propanol exhibits strong hydrogen bonding properties enabling it to dissolve substances that serve as hydrogen-bond acceptors, such as amides and ethers. Hexafluoro-2-propanol is also a polar compound, transparent to UV light with high density, low viscosity and low refractive index.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Production

Hexafluoro-2-propanol is prepared from hexafluoropropylene via hexafluoroacetone, which is reduced by catalytic hydrogenation or by hydride reagents.[1]

(CF3)2CO + H2 → (CF3)2CHOH

Uses

Hexafluoro-2-propanol is a specialty solvent in organic synthesis[2][3] due to its properties which make it especially useful to solubilize a wide range of polymers, including those that are not soluble in the most common organic solvents: such as polyamides, polyacrylonitriles, polyacetals, polyesters (e.g. polyglycolide), and polyketones. Because of its acidity (pKa = 9.3), it can be used as acid in volatile buffers for ion pair HPLC - mass spectrometry of nucleic acids.[4] It has also found use in biochemistry to solubilize peptides. Industrially hexafluoro-2-propanol is used as an intermediate for pharmaceuticals (anesthetics) and agrochemicals or as a solvent and cleaner in electronics.

Safety

Hexafluoro-2-propanol is a corrosive and is therefore destructive to tissues of the mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, skin and eyes, resulting in burns or ulceration. Overexposure by inhalation may result in spasm, inflammation, chemical pneumonitis and larynx, bronchi or pulmonary edema. In case of contact with eyes corneal and conjunctival ulceration or blindness may result. Hexafluoro-2-propanol is not considered carcinogenic, but the effects of a chronic exposure are unknown.

References

Notes

  1. ^ Günter Siegemund, Werner Schwertfeger, Andrew Feiring, Bruce Smart, Fred Behr, Herward Vogel, Blaine McKusick “Fluorine Compounds, Organic” Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
  2. ^ Review: Bégué, J.-P.; Bonnet-Delpon, D.; Crousse, B. Fluorinated Alcohols: A New Medium for Selective and Clean Reaction. Synthesis, 2004,(1), pp. 18-29.
  3. ^ Review: Shuklov, Ivan A. ; Dubrovina, Natalia V.; Börner, Armin Fluorinated Alcohols as Solvents, Cosolvents and Additives in Homogeneous Catalysis , Synthesis 2007, pp. 2925-2943
  4. ^ Apffel, A.; Chakel, J.A.; Fischer, S.; Lichtenwalter, K.; Hancock, W.S., Analysis of oligonucleotides by HPLC-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem, 1997,(69), pp. 1320-1325.

Sources

  • Radlick, Phillip C (1982-02-02). Methods of synthesizing hexafluoroisopropanol from impure mixtures and synthesis of a fluoromethyl ether therefrom. United States Patent 4,314,087. Retrieved on 2006-10-18.
  • Cheminal, Bernard; H. Mathais and M. Thomarat (1987-03-03). Process for the synthesis of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol and 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropanol. United States Patent 4,647,706. Retrieved on 2006-10-18.
  • Hexafluoroisopropanol datasheet. DuPont. Retrieved on 2006-10-18.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hexafluoro-2-propanol". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE