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Isotopes of actinium



Actinium (Ac) has no stable isotopes. A standard atomic mass cannot be given.

Additional recommended knowledge

An isotope of actinium occurring within the radioactive disintegration chain of thorium was known as:

  • mesothorium II : 228Ac

The older name of emanium is no longer in use.

Naturally occurring actinium is composed of 1 radioactive isotope; 227Ac. 36 radioisotopes have been characterized with the most stable being 227Ac with a half-life of 21.772 y, 225Ac with a half-life of 10.0 days, and 226Ac with a half-life of 29.37 h. 227Ac decays to Francium (223Fr) through alpha decay[1] or Thorium (227Th) through beta decay.

All of the remaining radioactive isotopes have half-lifes that are less than 10 hours and the majority of these have half lifes that are less than 1 minute. The shortest-lived isotope of actinium is 217Ac which decays through alpha decay and electron capture. It has a half-life of 69 ns. Actinium also has 2 meta states.

Purified 227Ac comes into equilibrium with its decay products at the end of 185 days, and then decays according to its 21.773-year half-life.

The isotopes of actinium range in atomic weight from 206 u (206Ac) to 236 u (236Ac).

Table

nuclide
symbol
Z(p) N(n)  
isotopic mass (u)
 
half-life nuclear
spin
representative
isotopic
composition
(mole fraction)
range of natural
variation
(mole fraction)
excitation energy
206Ac 89 117 206.01450(8) 25(7) ms (3+)
206m1Ac 80(50) keV 15(6) ms
206m2Ac 290(110)# keV 41(16) ms (10-)
207Ac 89 118 207.01195(6) 31(8) ms [27(+11-6) ms] 9/2-#
208Ac 89 119 208.01155(6) 97(16) ms [95(+24-16) ms] (3+)
208mAc 506(26) keV 28(7) ms [25(+9-5) ms] (10-)
209Ac 89 120 209.00949(5) 92(11) ms (9/2-)
210Ac 89 121 210.00944(6) 350(40) ms 7+#
211Ac 89 122 211.00773(8) 213(25) ms 9/2-#
212Ac 89 123 212.00781(7) 920(50) ms 6+#
213Ac 89 124 213.00661(6) 731(17) ms (9/2-)#
214Ac 89 125 214.006902(24) 8.2(2) s (5+)#
215Ac 89 126 215.006454(23) 0.17(1) s 9/2-
216Ac 89 127 216.008720(29) 0.440(16) ms (1-)
216mAc 44(7) keV 443(7) µs (9-)
217Ac 89 128 217.009347(14) 69(4) ns 9/2-
217mAc 2012(20) keV 740(40) ns (29/2)+
218Ac 89 129 218.01164(5) 1.08(9) µs (1-)#
218mAc 584(50)# keV 103(11) ns (11+)
219Ac 89 130 219.01242(5) 11.8(15) µs 9/2-
220Ac 89 131 220.014763(16) 26.36(19) ms (3-)
221Ac 89 132 221.01559(5) 52(2) ms 9/2-#
222Ac 89 133 222.017844(6) 5.0(5) s 1-
222mAc 200(150)# keV 1.05(7) min high
223Ac 89 134 223.019137(8) 2.10(5) min (5/2-)
224Ac 89 135 224.021723(4) 2.78(17) h 0-
225Ac 89 136 225.023230(5) 10.0(1) d (3/2-)
226Ac 89 137 226.026098(4) 29.37(12) h (1)(-#)
227Ac 89 138 227.0277521(26) 21.772(3) a 3/2-
228Ac 89 139 228.0310211(27) 6.15(2) h 3+
229Ac 89 140 229.03302(4) 62.7(5) min (3/2+)
230Ac 89 141 230.03629(32) 122(3) s (1+)
231Ac 89 142 231.03856(11) 7.5(1) min (1/2+)
232Ac 89 143 232.04203(11) 119(5) s (1+)
233Ac 89 144 233.04455(32)# 145(10) s (1/2+)
234Ac 89 145 234.04842(43)# 44(7) s
235Ac 89 146 235.05123(38)# 40# s 1/2+#
236Ac 89 147 236.05530(54)# 2# min

Notes

  • Values marked # are not purely derived from experimental data, but at least partly from systematic trends. Spins with weak assignment arguments are enclosed in parentheses.
  • Uncertainties are given in concise form in parentheses after the corresponding last digits. Uncertainty values denote one standard deviation, except isotopic composition and standard atomic mass from IUPAC which use expanded uncertainties.

References

  1. ^ Considine, Glenn D., ed. (2005), , , New York: Wylie-Interscience, pp. 332, 0-471-61525-0
  • Isotope masses from Ame2003 Atomic Mass Evaluation by G. Audi, A.H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O. Bersillon in Nuclear Physics A729 (2003).
  • Isotopic compositions and standard atomic masses from Atomic weights of the elements. Review 2000 (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure Appl. Chem. Vol. 75, No. 6, pp. 683-800, (2003) and Atomic Weights Revised (2005).
  • Half-life, spin, and isomer data selected from these sources. Editing notes on this article's talk page.
    • Audi, Bersillon, Blachot, Wapstra. The Nubase2003 evaluation of nuclear and decay properties, Nuc. Phys. A 729, pp. 3-128 (2003).
    • National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory. Information extracted from the NuDat 2.1 database (retrieved Sept. 2005).
    • David R. Lide (ed.), Norman E. Holden in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 85th Edition, online version. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida (2005). Section 11, Table of the Isotopes.


Isotopes of radium Isotopes of actinium Isotopes of thorium
Index to isotope pages
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Isotopes_of_actinium". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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