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Propylene




Propylene
IUPAC name Propene
Identifiers
CAS number 115-07-1
RTECS number UC6740000
SMILES C=CC
Properties
Molecular formula C3H6
Molar mass 42.08 g/mol
Appearance colourless gas
Melting point

Additional recommended knowledge

− 185.2 °C (88.0 K)

Boiling point

− 47.6 °C (225.5 K)

Solubility in water 0.61 g/m3 (? °C)
Viscosity 8.34 µPa·s at 16.7 °C
Structure
Dipole moment 0.366 D (gas)
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards Highly flammable,
Asphyxiant
NFPA 704
4
1
1
 
R-phrases 12
S-phrases 9-16-33
Flash point −108 °C
Related Compounds
Related groups Allyl, Propenyl
Related compounds Propane, Propyne
Allene, 1-Propanol
2-Propanol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Propylene, also known by its IUPAC name propene, is an organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6. It is the second simplest member of the alkene class of hydrocarbons, ethylene (ethene) being the simplest. At room temperature and pressure, propylene is a gas. It is colorless (mercaptan, a hydrocarbon with an odor similar to garlic is sometimes added to propylene to make it more easily detectable), and highly flammable. It is found in coal gas and can be synthesized by cracking petroleum. Propylene is a major commodity in the petrochemicals industry. The main use of propylene is as a monomer, mostly for the production of polypropylene. Propylene is also used as a fuel gas for various industrial processes. It has a similar calorific value to propane, but a lower mass of combustion products, so it has a higher flame temperature. Propylene also has significantly higher vapour pressure than propane at room temperature.

  • Inhalation reference exposure level
    3,000 µg/m3 (2,000 ppb)
  • Hazard index
    Respiratory system
  • Critical effects: squamous metaplasia (males and females), epithelial hyperplasia (females only), inflammation of the nasal cavity in Fischer 344/N rats (males only)
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Propylene". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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