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Pyroglutamic acid, or pidolic acid, is an uncommon amino acid derivative in which the free amino group of glutamic acid cyclizes to form a lactam. It is found in many proteins including bacteriorhodopsin. N-terminal glutamine residues can spontaneously cyclize to become pyroglutamate. This is one of several forms of blocked N-terminals which present a problem for N-terminal sequencing using Edman chemistry, which requires a free primary amino group not present in pyroglutamic acid. The enzyme pyroglutamate aminopeptidase can restore a free N-terminus by cleaving off the pyroglutamate residue.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pyroglutamic_acid". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|