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Valpromide



Valpromide
Systematic (IUPAC) name
2-propylpentanamide
Identifiers
CAS number 2430-27-5
ATC code N03AG02
PubChem 71113
DrugBank EXPT03231
Chemical data
Formula C8H17NO 
Mol. mass 143.228 g/mol
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism  ?
Half life  ?
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

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Legal status
Routes  ?

Valpromide (marketed as Depamide by sanofi-aventis) is a carboxamide derivative of valproic acid used in the treatment of epilepsy and some affective disorders. It is rapidly metabolised (80%) to valproic acid (another anticonvulsant) but has anticonvulsant properties itself. It may produce more stable plasma levels than valproic acid or sodium valproate and may be more effectively at preventing febrile seizures. However it is over one hundred times more potent inhibitor of liver microsomal epoxide hydrolase. This makes it incompatible with carbamazepine and can affect the ability of the body to remove other toxins. Valpromide is no safer during pregnancy than valproic acid.

Additional recommended knowledge

Valpromide is formed through the reaction of valproic acid and ammonia via an intermediate acid chloride.

In pure form, valpromide is a white crystalline powder and has melting point 125-126°C. It is practically insoluble in water but soluble in hot water. It is available on the market in some European countries.

References

  • The Medical Treatment of Epilepsy by Stanley R Resor. Published by Marcel Dekker (1991). ISBN 0-8247-8549-5.
  • Hydrolysis in Drug and Prodrug Metabolism: Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Enzymology by Bernard Testa, Joachim M. Mayer (2003). ISBN 3-906390-25-X.
  • In Vitro Methods in Developmental Toxicology by Gary L Kimmel, Devendra M Kochhar, Baumann (1989). ISBN 0-8493-6919-3.
  • The Lundbeck Institute Guide to Psychotropics - Valpromide
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Valpromide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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