13-Jul-2015 - Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung (BfR)

The risk potential of hormonally active substances is to be comprehensively characterised

BfR proposes further EU criteria to identify endocrine disruptors

On the occasion of the EU Conference "Endocrine disruptors: criteria for identification and related impacts" held in Brussels on 1 June 2015, the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) presented an extended proposal for the identification of endocrine disruptors. This identification is to be based on a complex decision matrix. "Health considerations must be given top priority in the regulation of hormonally active substances", says BfR President Professor Dr. Dr. Andreas Hensel. "For this reason, the BfR recommends comprehensive characterisation of the risk potential of substances in the identification of endocrine disruptors." According to EU law, endocrine disruptors, i.e. substances that due to their hormonal effects can adversely impact human and animal health, must be banned as active substances in  plant protection products in the future.

Scientists distinguish between endocrine substances and endocrine disruptors, since hormonally active substances do not necessarily have an adverse effect on health. According to the definition of the World Health Organisation (WHO), an endocrine disruptor is an exogenous substance or mixture that alters function(s) of the endocrine system and consequently causes adverse health effects in an intact organism, or its progeny, or (sub)populations.

The decision matrix proposed by the BfR for health assessment suggests that assessing the strength (“potency”) of endocrine disruptors in terms of their hormonal impact alone is not sufficient, even though this approach is currently still recommended in one of the options of the EU roadmap. Rather, the BfR proposal aims to significantly enhance this option and to take into account additional criteria. These include the severity and reversibility of adverse health effects, i.e. the possibility of complete recovery from such effects; the specificity of the hormonal properties of a substance against the background of further possible properties; as well as consistency, i.e. the scientific traceability of the studies. These decision criteria, potency, severity, reversibility, specificity and consistency, then serve as a template for classifying substances into one of the three categories “Hormonally active substance”, “Suspected endocrine disruptor” and “Endocrine disruptor”. On the basis of these categories, it will also be possible to make regulatory decisions as proposed by the EU roadmap, for example by banning endocrine disruptors in pesticides and biocides.

At the end of 2014, the European Commission commissioned the DG Health and Food Safety to conclusively define criteria for the identification of endocrine disruptors in order to use those criteria in European pesticide and biocide law. Due to an increasing concern worldwide about the potentially harmful effects of hormonally active substances, it is planned that within the EU, active ingredients contained in pesticides and biocides requiring registration will be tested more rigorously for damaging effects on the hormonal system. In the discussion, the proposal of the BfR received wide support from conference participants and within the EU Commission. The international conference organised by DG Health and Food Safety was attended by representatives of the EU member states as well as other countries, members of the European Parliament and representatives of business, unions, non-government organisations and the media.

Facts, background information, dossiers
More about BfR
  • News

    More efficient risk assessment for nanomaterials

    Nanotechnology is booming, but risk assessment for these tiny particles is a laborious process that presents significant challenges to the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR). To find more efficient test methods, researchers at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research ... more

    Do chemicals make you fat?

    January 2019 saw the launch of the EU research project EDCMET, in which scientists from the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) are also involved. EDCMET stands for "Metabolic effects of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: novel testing METhods and adverse outcome path-ways" and ... more

    Science learns from its mistakes too

    Scientific studies should always be published irrespective of their result. That is one of the conclusions of a research project conducted by the “German Centre for the Protection of Laboratory Animals” at the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), the results of which have now ... more