Possibly from the Greek, "αντι μόνος" (anti monos), approximately means "opposed to solitude", as it was believed never to exist in pure form, or (anti-monachos), (the French "antimoine", still has adherents) would means "monk-killer", because early alchemists being monks and antimony being poisonous. May also be derived from the Pharaonic (Ancient Egypt), "Antos Ammon" (expression), which could be translated as "bloom of the god Ammon". The symbol Sb is from Latin name, Stibium. The word derived from the Greek, "στιμμί" (stimmi), is probably a loan word from Arabic or Egyptian. Littré suggests the first form derives from "stimmida", (one) accusative for "stimmi". The Arabic word for the substance, as "mark" or "the cosmetic", can appear as "ithmid", "athmoud", "othmod" or "uthmod". 
From the German, "kobalt", means "evil spirit", the metal being so called by miners, because it was poisonous and troublesome (polluted and degraded the other mined elements, like Nickel). Other sources cite the origin as stemming from silver miners' belief that cobalt had been placed by "Kobolds" who had stolen the silver. Some also think the name may be derive from the Greek, "" (kobalos), which means "mine", and which may have common roots with kobold, goblin, and cobalt.
Possibly derived from the Greek, "χαλκός" (chalkos), means "Copper (the metal)". May also be derived from the Latin (during the Roman empire), "aes cyprium", ("aes" being the generic Latin term for copper alloys such as bronze, etc.) "cyprium" means Cyprus, where so much of it was mined in. The phrase "cyprium" was simplified to "cuprum" and then eventually Anglicized into the English "copper".
Named for "Dubna", where discovered (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, U.S.S.R.). Researchers of Berkeley) propose Hahnium (Ha), named in honor of Otto Hahn, who pioneered to radioactivity and radiochemistry, but the proposal was rejected. 
Named after "Erbia", the village of Ytterby in Sweden, where large concentrations of Yttria and Erbium are located. Erbia and terbia were confused in at this time. After 1860, what had been known as Terbia was renamed Erbia, and after 1877, what had been known as Erbia was renamed Terbia.
From the Latin, "gallia", means "Gaul" (Ancient France), and also "gallus", means "rooster". The element was obtained became free metal by Lecoq de Boisbaudran, who named Gallium after France, his native land, and one of those multilingual puns, also after himself, as "Lecoq", means "the rooster", to Latin, "gallus".
Speculate that "iron" (īsern) derives from the Etruscan, (aisar), means "the god(s)", because in first significant age of iron usefulness (Sumerians and Egyptians, around 4000 BC), a few items (such as the tips of spears, daggers and ornaments) were being fashioned from iron recovered from meteorites, and meteorites fall from the sky.  The symbol Fe is from the Latin, "Ferrum", means "iron".
Named after "Mercury", the god of speed and thinking on mythology. (Also, the "Mercury (planet)" named after the god) The symbol Hg is from Greek name, ὕδωρ αργυρος (hydor argyros), and descended to the Latin name, Hydrargyrum, means "water - silver", because it be liquid like water, and has silvery metallic sheen. 
From the Greek, "φωσ φόρος" (phós phoros), means "light bearer", because "White Phosphorus" emits a faint glow upon exposure to Oxygen The word "Phosphorus" was ancient name for the "Venus (planet)" as Hesperus (Morning Star). 
Named after "Pluto", the planet, because it was discovered directly after Neptunium (Neptunium higher than Uranium on periodic table), so them was named by analogy with the ordering of the planets. (The planet "Pluto" ,now be dwarf planet, was named after "Pluto", the god of the dead's world on mythology) 
From the English, "potash", means "pot-ash" (Potassium compound prepared from "an alkali extracted in a pot from the ash of burnt wood or tree leaves). The symbol K is from Latin name, Kalium, was named derived from "alkali", became from the Arabic "بوتاسيوم" (al qalīy), means "the calcined ashes".
Named in honor of Baron Ernest Rutherford, who pioneered the Bohr_model of the atom. Rutherfordium has ever been called Kurchatovium (Ku), named in honor of Igor Vasilevich Kurchatov, who shared discovered fundamental understanding of the Uraniumchain reaction and the nuclear reactor. 
From the English, "soda", because of relation about caustic soda, soda ash, baking soda and other Sodium compounds. The symbol Na is from Modern Latin name, Natrium, derived from the Greek, "νιτρον" (nítron), means "natural soda", a kind of salt. (In medieval Europe, Sodanum is Latin name of "a compound of sodium")
Almost certainly from the Arabic, "كبريت" (sufra), means "yellow", the bright color of the naturally occurring form. The word be descented into the Sanskrit, "गन्धक" (sulvere or sulvari), the Latin, "sulpur", the English, "sulfur", and also was commonly referred as "brimstone" in Bible, giving rise to the name of "Fire and brimstone", which are sermons where hell and eternal damnation for sinners is stressed.
Named after the Greek, "ταντάλυς" (Tantalus), who was punished after death by being condemned to stand knee-deep in water, if he bent to drink the water, it drained below the level he could reach (on Greek mythology), this was considered similar to tantalum's general non-reactivity because of the inertness (it sits among reagents and is unaffected by them). 
From the Swedish and Danish, "tung sten", means "heavy stone". The symbol W is from scientific name, Wolfram. The element and its ore, "Wolframite", was named in honor of "Peter Woulfe", who discovered its existence. Even though Wolfram or Volfram is the current name in Swedish and several language. 
LSJ, s.v., vocalisation, spelling, and declension vary; Endlich; Celsus, 6.6.6 ff; Pliny Natural History 33.33; Lewis and Short: Latin Dictionary. OED, s. "antimony".
"stimmi" is used by the Attic tragic poets of the 5th century BC. Later Greeks also used "stibi", which is written in Latin by Celsus and Pliny in the first century AD. Pliny also names "stimi" (sic-m), "larbaris", "alabaster", "very common platyophthalmos", "wide-eye" (means about effect of the cosmetic). In Egyptians hieroglyphics, "" (mśdmt), the vowels are uncertain, but there is an Arabic tradition that "" (mesdemet) (Albright; Sarton, quotes Meyerhof, the translator)
^Astatine, An earlier name for Astatine was Alabamine (Ab)
^Beryllium, At one time beryllium was referred to as Glucinium, which from the Greek, "" (glykys), means "sweet", due to the sweet taste of its salts.
^ abcdefghijklmnopqr Previous to discovery of some unknown elements, Prof. Dmitri Mendeleev predicted and described most of them appropriately properties, and fill the gaps in the table, on the basis of them position in his Periodic table. The properties of 4 predicted elements, Eka-boron (Eb), Eka-aluminium (El), Eka-manganese (Em), and Eka-silicon (Es), proved to be good predictors of Scandium, Gallium, Technetium and Germanium, respectively. The prefix "eka-", from the Sanskrit, means "one" (places down from the known element in table), and is sometimes used in discussions about undiscovered elements, such as, Untriennium was referred into Eka-actinium. see also : Mendeleev's predicted elements
^ abcdefghijklmnopqr Some elements (particularly ancient elements) was associated with Greek (or Roman or others) gods or people, on Greek mythology (or other mythology), and with planets (or others in solar system), such as Mercury (mythology) - Mercury (planet) - Mercury (element), etc. Also, astrological symbols (for the planets) (particularly ancient elements) also often used same each ancient alchemical symbols (for the element or its metal).
^Darmstadtium, some humorous scientists suggested the name Policium, because 110 is the emergency telephone number for the German police.
^Gold, the Sanskrit of India, "jval". the Greek, "χρυσος" (khrusos). the Chinese, 金 (jīn).
^Nitrogen, Pure gas is inert enough that Antoine Lavoisier referred to it as "Azote", means "without life", so this term has become the French for Nitrogen and later spread out to many other languages.
^Protactinium, Kasimir Fajans and Otto H. Göhring ,who identified, name the element 91 Brevium from the Latin, "brevis", means "brief, short" in 1913. The name was changed to "Protoactinium" in 1918 and shortened to Protactinium in 1949.
At the time of its discovery, There was an element naming controversy as to what (particularly) the elements from 101 to 109 were to be called.
At last, a committee of International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) resolve the dispute and adopte one name. All the way to, adopted a temporary systematic element name.
About element 41 & 74,
Hatchett named element 41 Columbium (Cb), but IUPAC officially adopted Niobium in 1950 after 100 years of controversy.
This was a compromise of sorts, the IUPAC accepted, Tungsten instead of Wolfram (in deference to North American usage) and Niobium instead of Columbium (in deference to European usage).
However, while many leading chemical societies and government organizations refer to it by the official IUPAC name, but many leading metallurgists, metal societies, and most leading American commercial producers still refer to the metal by the Columbium (for Niobium), and by the same taken in many countries of Europe, still refer to the metal by the Wolfram (for Tungsten).
About element 70 & 71,
Gadolinite, the mineral (from Ytterby, the village), consist several compounds (the oxides or earths) as Yttria, Erbia (sub-component as Ytterbia) and Terbia.
In 1878 Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac assumed that Ytterbia consist a new element he ahead called Ytterbium. (but actually, there were 2 new elements)
In 1907 Georges Urbain isolated element 70 and element 71 from Ytterbia. He called element 70 Neoytterbia (means "new Ytterbium") and called element 71 Lutecia.
At about the same time, Carl Auer von Welsbach also independently isolated these and proposed the names Aldebaranium, after the star Aldebaran of Taurus (constellation), for the element 70 (Ytterbium),
and Cassiopium, after the Cassiopeia (constellation), for element 71 (Lutetium),
but both proposals were rejected.
Latest Neoytterbia (element 70) was eventually reverted back to Ytterbium (follow Marignac) and in 1949 the spelling of Lutetium (element 71) was changed to Lutetium.
Although German chemists still call Cassiopium instead of Lutetium.
(Another element, as Yttrium (element 39) and Gadolinium (element 64), was also discovered in Gadolinite and its components.
No controversy on its names)
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, (U.S.S.R.) named Kurchatovium (K-260).
But, University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A. named Rutherfordium in honor of Lord Rutherford of Nelson).
In 1994 a committee of IUPAC recommended that element 104 be named Rutherfordium.
About element 105,
Joint Nuclear Research Institute in Dubna named Dubnium after Dubna.
But, University of California in Berkeley also named Hahnium in honor of Otto Hahn.
IUPAC recommended that element 105 be named Dubnium.
About element 105 & 107,
Some suggested the name Nielsbohrium (named in honor of Niels Bohr), others believed this name should be given to element 105 (Dubnium) , the name too like element 107 (Bohrium) .
IUPAC adopted Unnilseptium (Uns) as a temporary systematic element name.
In 1994 a committee of IUPAC recommended that element 107 be named Bohrium.
While this conforms to the names of other elements honoring individuals, where only the surname is taken, it was opposed by many who were concerned that it could be confused with Boron .
Despite this, the name Bohrium for element 107 was recognized internationally in 1997.
About element 106,
The element was discovered almost simultaneously by 2 different laboratories, in June 1974, a Soviet team led by G. N. Flerov at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna reported producing an isotope 111-259, in September 1974, an American research team led by Albert Ghiorso at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley reported creating an isotope 111-263.
Because their work was independently confirmed first, the Americans suggested the name Seaborgium to honor of Glenn T. Seaborg, the American chemist. But this name was extremely controversial because Seaborg was still alive.
An international committee decided in 1992 that the Berkeley and Dubna laboratories should share credit for the discovery.
An element naming controversy erupted and as a result IUPAC adopted Unnilhexium (Unh) as a temporary, systematic element name.
In 1994 a committee of IUPAC adopted a rule that no element can be named after a living person. This ruling was fiercely objected to by the American Chemical Society.
Critics pointed out that a precedent had been set in the naming of Einsteinium during Albert Einstein's life. In 1997, as part of a compromise involving elements 104 to 108, the name Seaborgium for element 106 was recognized internationally.
About element 108,
IUPAC adopted Unniloctium (Uno) as a temporary, systematic element name.
In 1994 a committee of IUPAC recommended that element 108 be named Hassium,
and the name was adopted internationally, in 1997.
About element 109,
IUPAC adopted Unnilennium (Une) as a temporary, systematic element name.
In 1997 a committee of IUPAC resolved the dispute and adopted be name Meitnerium.
About element 110,
IUPAC adopted Ununnilium (Uun) as a temporary, systematic element name.
Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany, who discovered, recommended that element 110 be named Darmstadtium
In August 2003 a committee of IUPAC adopted the name.
About element 111,
The element has ever been known under the temporary IUPAC systematic element name, Unununium.
Some research has referred to it as Eka-gold, means "below Gold ", on hypothesis of Mendeleev's predicted elements.
IUPAC accepted the name Roentgenium on November 1 2004.