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Acetophenone



Acetophenone
IUPAC name 1-phenylethanone
Other names Phenyl methyl ketone
Identifiers
CAS number 98-86-2
SMILES O=C(C)C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI InChI=1/C8H8O/c1-7(9)
8-5-3-2-4-6-8/h2-6H,1H3
Properties
Molecular formula C8H8O
Molar mass 120.15 g/mol
Density 1.028 g/cm³
Melting point

19-20 °C

Boiling point

202 °C

Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
NFPA 704
2
 
0
 
Flash point 77 °C
Supplementary data page
Structure and
properties
n, εr, etc.
Thermodynamic
data
Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Acetophenone is a crystalline ketone that is used as a solvent for cellulose ethers and esters in the manufacture of alcohol-soluble resins.

Additional recommended knowledge

These in turn are used in perfume. Acetophenone is used to create fragrances that resemble almond, cherry, honeysuckle, jasmine, and strawberry. It is used in chewing gum. It can be found naturally in apple, cheese, apricot, banana, beef and cauliflower.

This chemical may be obtained by the dry distillation of a mixture of the calcium salts of acetic and benzoic acids. Currently acetophenone mainly comes as a by-product of the phenol-acetone synthesis in the cumene oxidation process. At one time it was used as a hypnotic under the name of hypnone.

Cigarette additive

In a 1994 report released by five top cigarette companies, acetophenone was listed as one of the 599 additives to cigarettes.[1]

References

  1. ^ What's in a cigarette?. Retrieved on 2006-05-31.
  • Acetophenone
  • Safety data for acetophenone
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Acetophenone". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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