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Dubin-Johnson syndrome



Dubin-Johnson syndrome
Classification & external resources
Bilirubin
ICD-10 E80.6
ICD-9 277.4
OMIM 237500
DiseasesDB 3982
eMedicine med/588 
MeSH D007566

Dubin-Johnson syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder which causes an increase of conjugated bilirubin without elevation of liver enzymes (ALT, AST). It is usually diagnosed in early infancy.


Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Diagnosis

There is plenty of canalicular multi-drug resistant protein which causes bilirubin transfer to bile canaliculi. An isoform of this protein is localized to the lateral hepatocyte membrane, allowing transport of glucuronide and glutathione conjugates back into the blood.

Analysis of urine pophyrins show a normal level of coproporphirin but the I isomer accounts for 80% of the total (normally 25%)

Liver will present with dark pink or black appearance due to pigment accumulation.

The conjugated hyperbilirubinemia is a result of defective endogenous and exogenous transfer of anionic conjugates from hepatocytes into the bile.[1] Pigment deposition in lysosomes causes the liver to turn black. A hallmark of DJS is the unusual ratio between the byproducts of heme biosynthesis. Unaffected subjects have a coproporphyrin III to coproporphyrin I ratio of approximately 3-4:1. In patients with DJS, this ratio is inverted with coproporphyrin III being 3-4x higher then coproporphyrin I.

Genetics

 

DJS has a defect in the multispecific anion transporter (cMOAT) gene (ABC transporter superfamily). Likely a loss of function mutation, since the mutation affects the cytoplasmic / binding domain.

Prognosis

Prognosis is good, and treatment of this syndrome is usually unnecessary. Most patients are asymptomatic and have normal life spans.[1] Some neonates will present with cholestasis.[1]

Oral contraceptive and pregnancy may lead to overt jaundice and icterus (yellowing of the eyes)

References

  1. ^ a b c Suzanne M Carter, MS. eMedicine: Dubin-Johnson Syndrome. January 9, 2007. http://www.emedicine.com/ped/topic621.htm

See also


 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Dubin-Johnson_syndrome". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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