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Hereditary fructose intolerance

Fructose intolerance
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 E74.1
ICD-9 271.2
OMIM 229600
DiseasesDB 5003
MedlinePlus 000359
eMedicine ped/988 
MeSH D005633

Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) or fructose poisoning is a hereditary condition caused by a deficiency of liver enzymes that metabolise fructose. It is also known as hereditary fructosemia, or fructose in the blood (-emia means in the blood)



The deficient enzyme is aldolase-B, which converts fructose-1-phosphate to DHAP and glyceraldehyde. This means that the fructose cannot be further metabolised beyond fructose-1-phosphate. This traps phosphates; which are needed to phosphorylate glycogen phosphorylase which carries on to release units of glucose-1-phosphate from glycogen. (Glucose-1-phosphate gets converted to glucose-6-phosphate and then dephosphorylated to form glucose).

In addition, aldolase-B plays an important role in gluconeogenesis, producing fructose-1,6-bisphosphate from glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and DHAP. But, glucose may still be released through the breakdown of glycogen. Although, it cannot be synthesized from gluconeogenesis, resulting in severe hypoglycaemia.


If fructose is ingested, other symptoms such as vomiting, hypoglycemia, jaundice, hemorrhage, hepatomegaly, hyperuricemia and eventually kidney failure will follow.


Treatment is with a fructose free diet, which if adhered to, is concordant with a good prognosis. [1]

Fructose and sucrose eliminated from diet. [2]

Related conditions

Hereditary fructose intolerance should not be confused with fructose malabsorption. The latter is the same as dietary fructose intolerance (DFI), a deficiency of fructose transporter enzyme in the enterocytes, which leads to abdominal bloating, diarrhea and/or constipation.

See also


  1. ^ -389021656 at GPnotebook
  2. ^ /END101 at FPnotebook
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hereditary_fructose_intolerance". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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