My watch list  

Equivalent temperature

Equivalent temperature is the temperature of an air parcel from which we would have completely extracted its water vapor content by an adiabatic process.

Air contains water vapor that has been evaporated into it from liquid sources (lakes, sea, etc...). The energy needed to do that has been taken from the air. Taking a volume of air at temperature T and mixing ratio of r , drying it by condensation will restitute energy to the airmass. This will depend on the latent heat release as:

T_e \approx T + \frac {L_v}{c_{pd}} r

\,L_v : latent heat of evaporation (2400 kJ/kg {at 25C} to 2600 kJ/kg {at -40C})

\,c_{pd} : specific heat at constant pressure for air (\approx 1004 J/(kg·K))

Tables exist for exact values of the last two coefficients.


  • M K Yau and R.R. Rogers, Short Course in Cloud Physics, Third Edition, published by Butterworth-Heinemann, January 1, 1989, 304 pages. EAN 9780750632157 ISBN 0-7506-3215-1
  • J.V. Iribarne and W.L. Godson, Atmospheric Thermodynamics, published by D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, 1973, 222 pages
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Equivalent_temperature". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE