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Methyl isobutyl ketone
Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) is a ketone that is widely used as a solvent. Unlike the other common ketone solvents, acetone and MEK, MIBK has quite low solubility in water, allowing it to be used for liquid-liquid extraction. It has a similar polarity to the ester solvent ethyl acetate, but higher stability towards aqueous acid or base than ethyl acetate.
Additional recommended knowledge
Methyl isobutyl ketone is manufactured from acetone, via a three-step process. Firstly acetone is dimerised via the aldol condensation to give diacetone alcohol, which readily dehydrates to give mesityl oxide. Mesityl oxide can then be hydrogenated to give MIBK.
When mixed with water or isopropyl alcohol it is also used as a developer for PMMA electron-beam lithography resist.
Another major use is as raw material in the preparation of N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylene diamine (6PPD), an antiozonant used in tires. 6PPD is prepared by reductive coupling of MIBK with 4-aminodiphenylamine.
Methyl isobutyl ketone is also used as a denaturing agent for denatured alcohol.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Methyl_isobutyl_ketone". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|