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Strontium chloride




Strontium chloride hexahydrate
IUPAC name
Strontium chloride
General
Molecular formula SrCl2
Molar mass 158.53 g/mol (anhydrous)

266.62 g/mol (hexahydrate)

Appearance White crystalline solid
CAS number [10476-85-4] (hexahydrate)

[10025-70-4] (anhydrous)

MSDS Strontium chloride MSDS
Other names
  • Strontium(II) chloride
Bulk properties
Density 3.052 g/cm³ (anhydrous, monoclinic form)

1.672 g/cm³ (dihydrate) 1.930 g/cm³ (hexahydrate)

Solubility water: 53.8 g/100 cm³ (20 °C)

ethanol: very slightly soluble acetone: very slightly soluble

Melting point 874 °C (1147 K)
Boiling point 1250 °C (1520 K)
Hazards: Irritant
Structure
Coordination geometry octahedral (six-coordinate)
Crystal structure Deformed TiO2
Hydrates dihydrate (rare)

hexahydrate

Related compounds
strontium fluoride

strontium bromide strontium iodide

calcium chloride

barium chloride

Strontium chloride (SrCl2) is a salt of strontium and chlorine. It is ionic and water-soluble. It is less toxic than barium chloride, though more toxic than calcium chloride. It emits a bright red colour when heated in a flame.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Chemical Properties

Strontium chloride is a typical ionic metal salt, and it can be used as a source of other strontium compounds such as strontium chromate:

SrCl2(aq) + Na2CrO4(aq) → SrCrO4(s) + 2 NaCl(aq)

SrCl2 always acts as a simple salt, and it is completely neutral in solution.

Preparation

Strontium chloride can be prepared from strontium hydroxide or strontium carbonate reacting with hydrochloric acid:

Sr(OH)2(aq) + 2 HCl(aq) → SrCl2(aq) + 2 H2O(aq)

It can also be prepared by the union of the elements, strontium and chlorine.

Uses

There are no major uses for strontium chloride, though it can be used to prepare less common compounds of strontium, and may be useful in reducing gum sensitivity, and is known as Elecol for this purpose. Certain toothpastes such as Sensodyne are called "strontium chloride toothpastes," although most now use potassium nitrate instead (with the exception of Sensodyne original). Like barium chloride it can be used to test for sulfate ion, though not at such low concentration, since strontium sulfate is more soluble than barium sulfate.

SrCl2(aq) + SO42−(aq) → SrSO4(s) + 2 Cl(aq)

Strontium chloride is occasionally used as a flame colouring agent (red) in pyrotechnics, and in small quantities in glass making and metallurgy. It is added to some toothpastes to reduce periodontal disease, and is used in homeopathic medicine under the name of strontium chlorii.

The radioactive isotope strontium-89 is usually administered in the form of strontium chloride: it is used for the treatment of bone cancer.

Sea water aquaria must add small amounts of strontium chloride to the water, as it is consumed in the production of the exoskeletons of certain plankton.

Precautions

Although much less toxic than barium chloride, strontium chloride should still be handled with care.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Strontium_chloride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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