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Strontium chloride (SrCl2) is a salt of strontium and chlorine. It is ionic and water-soluble. It is less toxic than barium chloride, though more toxic than calcium chloride. It emits a bright red colour when heated in a flame.
Additional recommended knowledge
SrCl2 always acts as a simple salt, and it is completely neutral in solution.
There are no major uses for strontium chloride, though it can be used to prepare less common compounds of strontium, and may be useful in reducing gum sensitivity, and is known as Elecol for this purpose. Certain toothpastes such as Sensodyne are called "strontium chloride toothpastes," although most now use potassium nitrate instead (with the exception of Sensodyne original). Like barium chloride it can be used to test for sulfate ion, though not at such low concentration, since strontium sulfate is more soluble than barium sulfate.
Strontium chloride is occasionally used as a flame colouring agent (red) in pyrotechnics, and in small quantities in glass making and metallurgy. It is added to some toothpastes to reduce periodontal disease, and is used in homeopathic medicine under the name of strontium chlorii.
Sea water aquaria must add small amounts of strontium chloride to the water, as it is consumed in the production of the exoskeletons of certain plankton.
Although much less toxic than barium chloride, strontium chloride should still be handled with care.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Strontium_chloride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|