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Chemists used crab shells to improve palladium catalysts

A new type of palladium catalysts based on chitin can be reused over 10 times

17-Dec-2020

Chemists from RUDN University synthesized soluble biopolymers based on chitin from crab shells. Together with palladium, they form effective catalysts for organic reactions, and their nanoparticles can be re-used over ten times. Palladium-based catalysts are used to speed up cross-coupling ...

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Artificial Intelligence has learned to estimate oil viscosity

Indirect measurements are a lucky alternative for a variety of sectors

09-Nov-2020

A group of Skoltech scientists developed machine learning (ML) algorithms that can teach artificial intelligence (AI) to determine oil viscosity based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data. The new method can come in handy for the petroleum industry and other sectors, which have to rely on ...

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RUDN University chemist created a catalyst from orange peel for organic compounds production

27-Oct-2020

N-heterocycles are organic substances used in the chemical industry and medicine. To produce them, expensive catalysts made from noble metals are used. A chemist from RUDN University developed a nanocatalyst for N-heterocycles that consists of zinc oxide and niobium and can be obtained using ...

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Chemist created a niobium-silica catalyst to boost petrochemical reactions

Catalyst reduces the time of alkylation reactions from several hours to just 10 minutes

08-Oct-2020

Alkylation reactions are used in the petrochemical industry to obtain high-octane number components for gasolines. A chemist from RUDN University found a way to speed this process up to 24 times. To do so, he developed a catalyst based on silica and niobium. The results of his work were published ...

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Scientists got one step closer to solving a major problem of hydrogen energy

Metallic glass has the potential to replace palladium

01-Oct-2020

A team of scientists from Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) together with their colleagues from Austria, Turkey, Slovakia, Russia (MISIS, MSU), and the UK found a way to hydrogenate thin metallic glass layers at room temperature. This technology can considerably expand the range of cheap, ...

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Chemist developed a new type of one-molecule thick water-repellent film

2D organic nanofilms can be used to create protective hydrophobic or anti-corrosion coatings for organic electronics or to develop molecular filters

14-Sep-2020

A chemist from RUDN University together with colleagues created a new type of two-dimensional nanofilm from an organic material called calixarene. The invention can be used as a protective coating in electronics and as a part of molecular filters. They also suggested a way of increasing the ...

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Chemist developed a green catalyst for pharmaceutical and industrial chemistry

Catalyst based on a substance that comes from plant waste

08-Sep-2020

Many production facilities (e.g. plastic manufacturers, pharma companies, and others) use nanocatalysts that contain palladium--an expensive component that is not sustainably produced. A chemist from RUDN University found a way to reduce palladium consumption and to make its manufacture more ...

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Photocatalysts show promise in creating self-cleaning surfaces and disinfecting agents

New active photocatalysts based on natural aluminosilicate nanotubes with cadmium sulfide quantum dots

07-Sep-2020

A joint paper by Kazan Federal University, Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, and Russian Oil and Gas University was published in Chemistry - A European Journal. The team produced and studied new active photocatalysts based on natural aluminosilicate nanotubes with cadmium sulfide quantum dots ...

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New material can generate hydrogen from salt and polluted water

2D material efficiently generates hydrogen molecules from fresh, salt, and polluted water by exposure to sunlight

23-Jul-2020

Scientists of Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with teams from the University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague and Jan Evangelista Purkyne University in Ústí nad Labem have developed a new 2D material to produce hydrogen, which is the basis of alternative energy.The material efficiently ...

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Mysterious mechanism of graphene oxide formation explained

Comprehensive view on the driving forces of the complex processes occurring during the transformation of graphite into graphene oxide

21-Jul-2020

A paper by Kazan Federal University appeared in early access in Carbon. Project lead Ayrat Dimiev has been working on this topic since 2012, when he was a part of Professor James Tour's group at Rice University. First results saw light in 2014. That paper, which has amassed 490 citations at this ...

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