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Level of free convection
The level of free convection (LFC) is any point in the atmosphere where the temperature of the environment decreases faster than the moist adiabatic lapse rate of a saturated air parcel at the same level. The usual way of finding the LFC is to lift a parcel from a lower level along the dry adiabatic lapse rate until it crosses the mixing ratio line of the parcel: this is the lifted condensation level (LCL). From there on, follow the moist adiabatic lapse rate until the temperature of the parcel reaches the airmass temperature. If the temperature of the parcel along the moist adiabat is warmer than the environment on further lift, one has found the LFC.
Additional recommended knowledge
Since the volume of the parcel is larger than the surrounding air after LFC by the ideal gas law (PV = nRT), it is less dense and becomes buoyant rising until its temperature (in E) crosses back the airmass one. If the airmass has one or many LFC, it is potentially unstable and may lead to convective clouds like cumulus and thunderstorms.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Level_of_free_convection". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|