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Interleukin-14 (IL-14) is a cytokine that is also called High molecular weight B-cell growth factor (HMW-BCGF) that controls the growth and proliferation of both normal and cancerous B cells. This molecule was also recently designated taxilin. IL-14 induces B-cell proliferation, inhibits antibody secretion, and expands selected B-cell subgroups. This interleukin is produced mainly by T cells and certain malignant B cells.
Additional recommended knowledge
Two distinct transcripts are produced from opposite strands of the il14 gene that are called IL-14α and IL-14β. The il14 locus is near the gene for LCK on chromosome 1 in humans.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Interleukin_14". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|