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CD59 molecule, complement regulatory protein
PDB rendering based on 1cdq.
Available structures: 1cdq, 1cdr, 1cds, 1erg, 1erh, 2ofs
Symbol(s) CD59; 16.3A5; EJ16; EJ30; EL32; G344; MGC2354; MIC11; MIN1; MIN2; MIN3; MSK21; PROTECTIN; p18-20
External IDs OMIM: 107271 MGI: 1888996 Homologene: 56386
RNA expression pattern

More reference expression data

Human Mouse
Entrez 966 333883
Ensembl ENSG00000085063 ENSMUSG00000068686
Uniprot P13987 Q6PBG1
Refseq NM_000611 (mRNA)
NP_000602 (protein)
NM_181858 (mRNA)
NP_862906 (protein)
Location Chr 11: 33.68 - 33.71 Mb Chr 2: 103.87 - 103.89 Mb
Pubmed search [1] [2]

CD59 molecule, complement regulatory protein, also known as CD59, is a human gene and protein.[1]

CD59 is an inhibitor of the complement membrane attack complex. Viruses such as HIV, human cytomegalovirus and vaccinia virus incorporate host cell CD59 into their viral envelope to prevent lysis by complement.


  1. ^ Entrez Gene: CD59 molecule, complement regulatory protein.

Further reading

  • Tandon N, Morgan BP, Weetman AP (1992). "Expression and function of membrane attack complex inhibitory proteins on thyroid follicular cells.". Immunology 75 (2): 372-7. PMID 1372592.
  • Holmes CH, Simpson KL, Okada H, et al. (1992). "Complement regulatory proteins at the feto-maternal interface during human placental development: distribution of CD59 by comparison with membrane cofactor protein (CD46) and decay accelerating factor (CD55).". Eur. J. Immunol. 22 (6): 1579-85. PMID 1376264.
  • Hahn WC, Menu E, Bothwell AL, et al. (1992). "Overlapping but nonidentical binding sites on CD2 for CD58 and a second ligand CD59.". Science 256 (5065): 1805-7. PMID 1377404.
  • Ninomiya H, Sims PJ (1992). "The human complement regulatory protein CD59 binds to the alpha-chain of C8 and to the "b"domain of C9.". J. Biol. Chem. 267 (19): 13675-80. PMID 1377690.
  • Petranka JG, Fleenor DE, Sykes K, et al. (1992). "Structure of the CD59-encoding gene: further evidence of a relationship to murine lymphocyte antigen Ly-6 protein.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89 (17): 7876-9. PMID 1381503.
  • Motoyama N, Okada N, Yamashina M, Okada H (1992). "Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria due to hereditary nucleotide deletion in the HRF20 (CD59) gene.". Eur. J. Immunol. 22 (10): 2669-73. PMID 1382994.
  • Rooney IA, Morgan BP (1992). "Characterization of the membrane attack complex inhibitory protein CD59 antigen on human amniotic cells and in amniotic fluid.". Immunology 76 (4): 541-7. PMID 1383132.
  • Tone M, Walsh LA, Waldmann H (1992). "Gene structure of human CD59 and demonstration that discrete mRNAs are generated by alternative polyadenylation.". J. Mol. Biol. 227 (3): 971-6. PMID 1383553.
  • Philbrick WM, Palfree RG, Maher SE, et al. (1990). "The CD59 antigen is a structural homologue of murine Ly-6 antigens but lacks interferon inducibility.". Eur. J. Immunol. 20 (1): 87-92. PMID 1689664.
  • Sawada R, Ohashi K, Anaguchi H, et al. (1990). "Isolation and expression of the full-length cDNA encoding CD59 antigen of human lymphocytes.". DNA Cell Biol. 9 (3): 213-20. PMID 1692709.
  • Yamashina M, Ueda E, Kinoshita T, et al. (1990). "Inherited complete deficiency of 20-kilodalton homologous restriction factor (CD59) as a cause of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.". N. Engl. J. Med. 323 (17): 1184-9. PMID 1699124.
  • Rooney IA, Morgan BP (1991). "Protection of human amniotic epithelial cells (HAEC) from complement-mediated lysis: expression on the cells of three complement inhibitory membrane proteins.". Immunology 71 (3): 308-11. PMID 1702747.
  • Watts MJ, Dankert JR, Morgan EP (1990). "Isolation and characterization of a membrane-attack-complex-inhibiting protein present in human serum and other biological fluids.". Biochem. J. 265 (2): 471-7. PMID 2302178.
  • Okada H, Nagami Y, Takahashi K, et al. (1989). "20 KDa homologous restriction factor of complement resembles T cell activating protein.". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 162 (3): 1553-9. PMID 2475111.
  • Davies A, Simmons DL, Hale G, et al. (1989). "CD59, an LY-6-like protein expressed in human lymphoid cells, regulates the action of the complement membrane attack complex on homologous cells.". J. Exp. Med. 170 (3): 637-54. PMID 2475570.
  • Sawada R, Ohashi K, Okano K, et al. (1989). "Complementary DNA sequence and deduced peptide sequence for CD59/MEM-43 antigen, the human homologue of murine lymphocyte antigen Ly-6C.". Nucleic Acids Res. 17 (16): 6728. PMID 2476718.
  • Sugita Y, Tobe T, Oda E, et al. (1990). "Molecular cloning and characterization of MACIF, an inhibitor of membrane channel formation of complement.". J. Biochem. 106 (4): 555-7. PMID 2606909.
  • Bora NS, Gobleman CL, Atkinson JP, et al. (1994). "Differential expression of the complement regulatory proteins in the human eye.". Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 34 (13): 3579-84. PMID 7505007.
  • Kieffer B, Driscoll PC, Campbell ID, et al. (1994). "Three-dimensional solution structure of the extracellular region of the complement regulatory protein CD59, a new cell-surface protein domain related to snake venom neurotoxins.". Biochemistry 33 (15): 4471-82. PMID 7512825.
  • Kennedy SP, Rollins SA, Burton WV, et al. (1994). "Protection of porcine aortic endothelial cells from complement-mediated cell lysis and activation by recombinant human CD59.". Transplantation 57 (10): 1494-501. PMID 7515200.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "CD59". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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