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List of materials properties

This is a list of materials properties. A materials property is an intensive, often quantitative property of a material, usually with a unit that may be used as a metric of value to compare the benefits of one material versus another to aid in materials selection.

A material property may be a constant or may be a function of one or more independent variables, such as temperature. Materials properties often vary to some degree according to the direction in the material in which they are measured; a condition referred to as anisotropy. Materials properties that relate two different physical phenomena often behave linearly or approximately so in a given operating range and may then be modelled as a constant for that range. This linearization can significantly simplify the differential constitutive equations that the property describes.

Some materials properties are used in relevant equations to determine the attributes of a system a priori. For example, if a material of a known specific heat gains or loses a known amount of heat, the temperature change of that material can be determined. Materials properties may be determined by standardized test methods. Many such test methods have been documented by their respective user communities and published through ASTM International.


Mechanical properties

Electrical properties

Thermal properties

Chemical properties

Magnetic properties

Optical properties

Acoustical properties

Radiological properties

Biological properties

  • Toxicity

Environmental properties

  • Embodied energy
  • Embodied CO2 (or other global warming gases)
  • Embodied water
  • RoHS compliance

There are a variety of other properties to consider in an environmental impact assessment that effect the ecological or human environment that may be difficult to quantify (unlike most of the properties listed on this page) including pollution (extraction, transportation, manufacture), scarcity/abundance, habitat destruction, renewability, recycleability, wars fought over materials, labor exploitation, etc. These can be subjective, dependent on context, or inadequately measured.

Atomic properties

Applies to pure elements only

Manufacturing properties

  • Machining speeds and feeds
  • Machinability rating
  • Hardness
  • Extruding temperature and pressure

See also

  • Chemical property
  • Physical property
  • Thermodynamic properties
  • Supervenience
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_materials_properties". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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