My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

List of basic chemistry topics



For a more comprehensive list, see the List of chemistry topics.

Chemistry is the science of matter at the atomic to molecular scale, dealing primarily with collections of atoms, such as molecules, crystals, and metals. Chemistry deals with the composition and statistical properties of such structures, as well as their transformations and interactions to become materials encountered in everyday life. Chemistry also deals with understanding the properties and interactions of individual atoms with the purpose of applying that knowledge at the macroscopic level. According to modern chemistry, the physical properties of materials are generally determined by their structure at the atomic scale, which is itself defined by interatomic forces.

The following list of topics is provided as an overview of and introduction to chemistry:


Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Essence of chemistry

Main article: Chemistry

Branches of chemistry

History of chemistry

Main article: History of chemistry
  • 1661 - The Sceptical Chymist, by Robert Boyle. Chemistry is born, by being defined distinct from alchemy.

Basic chemistry concepts

Standard periodic table of the chemical elements

Group → 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
↓ Period
1 1
H

2
He
2 3
Li
4
Be

5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3 11
Na
12
Mg

13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4 19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5 37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6 55
Cs
56
Ba
*
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7 87
Fr
88
Ra
**
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Uub
113
Uut
114
Uuq
115
Uup
116
Uuh
117
Uus
118
Uuo

* Lanthanides 57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
** Actinides 89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr


This common arrangement of the periodic table separates the lanthanides and actinides from other elements. The Wide Periodic Table incorporates the f-block; the Extended Periodic Table incorporates the f-block and adds the theoretical g-block.

Atomic number colors show state at standard temperature and pressure (0 °C and 1 atm)
Solids Liquids Gases
Borders show natural occurrence
Primordial From decay Synthetic Undiscovered

Concepts, by subject area

Concepts by branch of chemistry

Some famous chemists

For more chemists, see: Nobel Prize in Chemistry and List of chemists

Chemistry lists

Main article: List of chemistry topics

See also

  • List of basic phyiscs topics
Find more information on Chemistry by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Learning resources from Wikiversity
At Wikiversity you can learn more about chemistry at:
The School of Chemistry
  • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
  • IUPAC Nomenclature Home Page, see especially the "Gold Book" containing definitions of standard chemical terms
  • Interactive Mind Map of Chemistry
  • / Chemical energetics
  This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_basic_chemistry_topics". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE